Any author included in the author list should have contributed significantly to the paper, and no person who has made a significant contribution should be omitted from the list of authors. Significant contributions include, but are not limited to:
- conception or design of the study
- acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data
- writing (original draft or revision for important intellectual content)
- supervision and/or final approval of the version to be submitted.
No authors will be added or removed post-submission, unless the journal editor and all co-authors are informed and in agreement with this change.
Individuals who made minor contributions should be included in the acknowledgments section of the paper.
IOS Press follows COPE in stating that AI tools cannot be listed as an author of a paper. The use of AI tools in any step of the research or its reporting must be disclosed in the Materials and Methods (or similar section) of the paper. Authors are fully responsible for the content of their manuscript, even those parts produced by an AI tool, and are thus liable for any breach of publication ethics.
Specific guidelines on authorship may be included in the author guidelines of individual journals. Where there is no specific guideline, IOS Press recommends that the definitions of authorship issued by the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) or, for medical journals, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) are followed.