Any author included in the author list should have contributed significantly to the paper, and no person who has made a significant contribution should be omitted from the list of authors. Significant contributions include, but are not limited to:
- conception or design of the study
- acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data
- writing (original draft or revision for important intellectual content)
- supervision and/or final approval of the version to be submitted.
Individuals who made minor contributions should be included in the acknowledgments section of the paper.
Specific guidelines on authorship may be included in the author guidelines of individual journals. Where there is no specific guideline, IOS Press recommends that the definitions of authorship issued by the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) or, for medical journals, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) are followed.