Call for papers: Clinical Relevance of Performance and Symptom Validity Tests in Neurorehabilitation (submission deadline: 30 July 2024)


An International, Interdisciplinary Journal

Impact Factor


54-55, 8 issues

Latest issue

54:4 online 28 June 2024

Next issue

55:1 scheduled for August 2024

Back volumes

From volume 1, 1991

ISSN print


ISSN online


Aims & Scope

Having recently celebrated its 30th anniversaryNeuroRehabilitation is an international, interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal that publishes manuscripts focused on evidence based, practical information relevant to all aspects of neurologic rehabilitation. We publish unsolicited papers detailing original research that covers the full life span and range of neurological disabilities including stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, neuromuscular disease and other neurological disorders. We also publish thematically organized issues developed by our invited guest editors in coordination with our chief editor, managing editor and editorial board that focus on specific clinical conditions, therapeutic interventions, functional challenges as well as age groups. We welcome proposals for thematic issue topics and suggestions for issue guest editors. We particularly encourage the submission of randomised controlled trials (with adequate sample size and strong methodology) as well as review articles (meta-analytical, systematic and umbrella). All manuscripts that pass the initial screening undergo blind peer review and authors are provided with timely, constructive feedback. Publication decisions will be made based on relevance to practice, quality of methodology, and synthesis of findings with existing literature. Additionally, summaries of specially selected Cochrane Systematic Reviews relevant to neurorehabilitation are published in the journal in the Cochrane Corners section.

NeuroRehabilitation is affiliated with the Italian Society of Neurological Rehabilitation (SIRN).

Editorial Board


Nathan Zasler, co-EIC of NRE Nathan D. Zasler, MD, DABPM&R, FAAPM&R, FACRM, BIM-C, CBIST
Concussion Care Centre of Virginia Ltd / Tree of Life Services
3721 Westerre Parkway
Suite B, Richmond, VA 23233, USA
Tel.: +1 804 346 1803
Fax: +1 804 346 1956

Nathan D. Zasler, MD, DABPM&R, FAAPM&R, FACRM, BIM, CBIST is Founder, CMO and CEO of Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd., as well Founder and current Medical Director of Tree of Life in Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Zasler is board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, fellowship trained in brain injury rehabilitation and subspecialty certified in Brain Injury Medicine. He is an affiliate professor in the VCU Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Richmond, VA, and a visiting professor in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Dr. Zasler is also a fellow of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Dr. Zasler is internationally recognized as an expert in brain injury medicine and has published and lectured extensively on TBI related neuromedical issues. He has published well over 200 peer reviewed articles, authored over 60 book chapters and given over 700 academic lectures. He has edited eight textbooks as either Editor-in-Chief, Co-Editor or Associate Editor and is Editor-in-Chief of the core textbook "Brain Injury Medicine: Principals and Practice" now in its 3rd edition. He serves on numerous journal editorial boards and is Chief Editor of two peer reviewed international scientific journals: "Brain Injury" and "NeuroRehabilitation". He also serves as chief Co-Editor of the publication "Brain Injury Professional". Dr. Zasler is one of the two founding editors of NeuroRehabilitation (along with Dr. Jeffrey Kreuzer who has now retired). Dr. Zasler is Emeritus Chairperson as well as Vice-Chairperson of the International Brain Injury Association (IBIA). He was the first recipient of the NHIF Young Investigator Award, and among other awards has been recognized with the Sheldon Berrol Clinical Service award from BIAA. He has been repeatedly recognized by "Best Doctors". Dr. Zasler is active in local, national and international organizations dealing with acquired brain injury and neurodisability, serving in numerous consultant, advisory and board member roles.

Emeritus Chief Editor

Jeff Kreutzer, co-EIC of NRE Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, PhD, ABPP, FACRM
Emeritus Professor and Distinguished Career Professor
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Richmond, VA 23298, USA

Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, PhD, ABPP, FACRM is the Rosa Schwarz Cifu Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center. A clinician and clinical researcher, he has more than 25 years of post-doctoral clinical care and brain injury research experience. Much of his research has focused on neurobehavioral outcomes, emotional well-being, vocational outcomes, and family response to TBI. He has more 150 peer-reviewed journal publications, a dozen published books, and more than 400 conference presentations. He authored the Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology, a four-volume, 2800 page, major reference work (Springer: New York). He has been elected to fellow status in the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, American Psychological Association, and the National Academy of Neuropsychology. A recipient of numerous awards for his work, Dr. Kreutzer was the 2010 winner of the Distinguished Lifetime Contribution to Neuropsychology Award from the National Academy of Neuropsychology.

Managing Editor

Melissa Oliver, managing editor of NRE Melissa Oliver, MS, OTR/L
1201 Broad Rock Blvd
Richmond, VA 23249, USA
Tel.: +1 804 675 5000 ext. 2134

Melissa Oliver, Managing Editor, is an Occupational Therapist and the Assistive Technology Program Coordinator at McGuire VA Medical Center in Richmond, Virginia. She works assisting active duty personnel and veterans with various diagnosis transition back into their life roles. Ms. Oliver received a baccalaureate degree in Psychology and Business Administration from Mary Washington College in Fredericksburg, Virginia. She spent 5 years of clinical experience in mental health occupational therapy where she developed a wellness program for acute rehabilitation, home evaluation as part of discharge protocol and developed a sensory program for the geriatric populations. She furthered her clinical skills in working with adults with brain injury in community brain injury program before working within the VA Medical Center system. Ms. Oliver has served in a variety of elected positions in Pi Theta Epsilon (PTE), the National Occupational Therapy Honor Society, including Treasurer for 2 1/2 years and currently as President. Ms. Oliver has served as the Managing Editor of NeuroRehabilitation for the past several years.

Editorial Board

M.D. Al-Jarrah, NRE board member Muhammed Al-Jarrah
Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST)
Irbid, Jordan

Dr. Muhammed Al-Jarrah is a professor of physical therapy. He is currently the Dean of the Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences at Jordan University of Science and Technology. Dr. Al-Jarrah graduated from The University of Kansas Medical Center, USA in 2006. He is American Board Certified in Physical Therapy. Over the last eight years Dr. Al-Jarrah published more than 45 papers in well recognized journals. His research interests have focused on rehabilitation of Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and cerebral palsy. He is currently leading international grants in The Middle East to develop new approaches in the fields of cerebral palsy and stroke rehabilitation.

Angerova Yvona Angerova
Charles University and General Teaching Hospital in Prague
Prague, Czech Republic

Dr. Angerova is head of the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General Teaching Hospital in Prague. She is specialized in Neurology and Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. She is responsible for bachelor and master’s education of physiotherapy and occupational therapy at the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University as well as for education of Rehabilitation Medicine for medical students. She is a vice-president of the Czech Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine and the representative of Czech Republic in UEMS (European Union of Medical Specialists). She is interested in neurorehabilitation, especially in people after brain damage. She pioneered interprofessional neurorehabilitation for these people in the Czech Republic. She has published more than 40 papers concerning neurorehabilitation and is a member of several editorial boards of medical journals. She is furthermore the vice-president of the Accreditation Committee of the Ministry of Health for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

N.N. Ansari Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran, Iran

Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, PhD, is Professor of Physiotherapy at School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). He is currently involved in teaching on various courses at both the under and post-graduate levels. In 2010 Professor Ansari was awarded the Hakim Jorjani Award of outstanding mentoring and teaching by TUMS. He has also been supervisor at both the MSc and PhD levels. Professor Ansari has been the reviewer for International WCPT Congress, an Editorial Board Member and regular or Ad hoc reviewer for various international journals. He has published more than 70 articles on physiotherapy and rehabilitation medicine in high quality journals. In 2011 Professor Ansari was awarded as the outstanding researcher in 17th Razi Research Festival on Medical Sciences by Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Areas of expertise and special interests are Neurological Rehabilitation, Spasticity, Applied Clinical Research, Electrophysical Agents, and Outcomes Research.

J.C. Arango Lasprilla, NRE board member Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
University of Deusto
Bilbao, Spain

Dr. Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla is currently a chief research officer at Giunti Psychometrics. He has been instrumental in securing grant funding as PI and co-PI. Dr. Arango has received many awards for his accomplishments in neuropsychology including awards from the National Academic of Neuropsychology, the American Psychological Association, the International Brain Injury Association, the International Neuropsychological Society and The American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. He has published more than 350 articles and book chapters and edited 13 books. Dr. Arango has been a guest editor of 12 special issues in prominent rehabilitation journals. Dr. Arango has lectured at Grand Rounds at more than 102 different universities across the globe. He organized and chaired 8 international conferences on neuropsychology, cultural issues, and Brain Injury Rehabilitation. Dr. Arango is a founding member of the Colombian Neuropsychological Society, and he founded the IberoAmerican Journal of Neuropsychology. His research focuses on understanding and addressing the cognitive, psychological, and emotional needs of individuals with brain injury and their families. He is particularly interested in under-served populations, such as Spanish speakers, and carries out research in the US, Europe, and Latin America. He was PI of a large, multi-center norming study in which more than 14,000 adults and children from over 15 Latin American countries participated. Thanks to his leadership, normative data by country is now available for the 12 most used neuropsychological tests in each respective population.

biben Vitriana Biben
Padjadjaran University 
Bandung, Indonesia

Dr. Vitriana Biben, MD, is a physiatrist, consultant, lecturer, and Head of the Neurorehabilitation Division in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. She is an editorial board and reviewer for several Indonesian and ASEAN medical journals. She has presented papers on stroke, dysphagia, aphasia, and neurogeriatric at many conferences, and published articles in journals. Currently, Dr. Biben holds a position as the Head of the PM&R Department, is an active Board Member of Indonesia PM&R collegium, and is a Coordinator of the Research and Development Committee for the Indonesian Society of PM&R.

baraga Lucia Willadino Braga
University of Massachusetts 
Worcester, MA, USA

Dr. Lucia Willadino Braga is a neuroscientist, researcher, clinician and author with over 40 years’ experience working with children, adolescents and adults with brain injury and its attendant comorbidities. She developed and pioneered a number of neurorehabilitation programs, among them the Family Training Methodology, the MetaCognitive Dimension Program and a context-sensitive intervention model for adults for managing the lifelong impact of ABI/TBI.  She was recently appointed to the faculty of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, as a professor in the Psychiatry Department, and is engaged in neurorehabilitation studies with a number of European and American institutions, as well as neuroscientific research, using cutting-edge technology to explore brain plasticity. She is the President of the SARAH Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals, which includes nine hospitals with a total of 1,000 beds, in addition to being a member of the SARAH Board of Governors and founder of its International Neuroscience Centers in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia. She received the title of docteur honoris causa from the Reims University (France) in 1999 and was appointed by the President of Brazil to the National Order of Scientific Merit. In 2019, she was given the Distinguished Career Award from the International Neuropsychological Society (INS) in recognition of her ‘major, sustained contributions to the field of neuropsychology’.  Dr. Braga is on several editorial boards, has published books and book chapters, as well as articles in numerous peer-review journals.

Rocco Salvatore Calabrò Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
IRCCS Centro Neurolesi Bonino Pulejo
Messina, Italy

Rocco Salvatore Calabrò is a neurologist with a PhD in psychiatric science, and is specialized in Bioethic and Sexology. About 15 years ago, he moved into the neurological rehabilitation field, focusing on patients suffering from acquired brain injury and spinal cord injury. In the last years, as head of the “Behavioral and Robotic Neurorehabilitation Laboratory”, he has demonstrated growing interest in innovation technology, with regard to robotic assisted ambulation, telerehabilitation, and virtual reality also applied to the cognitive field. He serves as peer referee for many international journals, and as an academic editor for other high impact journals. He has been invited to speak at many national and international congresses/courses dealing with neurorehabilitation and sexual health. He is an adjunctive professor of physical medicine and reahab at the University of Messina, Italy. His scientific activity consists of 2 books as editor, 8 special issues as guest editor, and 7 chapters of books, and about 400 papers published in indexed journals with an IF, with a H-index of 30.

D.X. Cifu, NRE board member David X. Cifu
Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) 
Richmond, VA, USA

David Cifu, MD is Chairman and Herman J. Flax, MD Professor of the Department of PM&R at the Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Medicine in Richmond,Virginia and National Director of the PM&R program office for the department of Veterans Affairs. He is also the Chief of PM&R Services of the VCU Health System and Executive Director of the VCU Center for Rehabilitation Sciences and Engineering (VCU-CERSE) – a $16 million/year, interdisciplinary research consortium with 65+ research faculty focused on improving knowledge translation and clinical care for individuals with acute and chronic disability. Dr. Cifu graduated from the Boston University School of Medicine 6-Year Medical Program in 1986 and then completed his Internship and Residency (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation) at the Baylor College of Medicine (Houston, TX) in 1990. He served on faculty at Baylor in the Departments of PM&R and Restorative Neurology until 1991, and joined VCU/Medical College of Virginia. Since 1992, he has been funded on 27 research grants in the field of Neurologic Rehabilitation, and is PI or Co-PI on 5 current research grants, including the NIDRR TBI Model Systems, the NIH TBI Network Sites projects, and three Department of Defense TBI and PTSD projects. In his 20 years as an academic physiatrist, he has delivered over 400 regional, national and international lectures, and published more than 250 articles, abstracts, and book chapters. He is also a Past President of the American Academy of PM&R. He has recently co-authored the patient and family focused self-help book: Overcoming Post-Deployment Syndrome: A Six-Step Mission to Health.

dhamija Rajinder K. Dhamija
Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital
New Delhi, India

Prof. Rajinder K. Dhamija MD DNB (Neurology) FRACP FRCP is currently Director Professor and Head of Neurology Department, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi. He has more than two decades of neurology experience including three years in Australia under the supervision of Prof. Geoff Donnan. He is also fellow of Royal Australian College of Physicians. He was awarded FRACP in 2009, the Commonwealth Staff Academic Fellowship in Neurology in 2000, and the WHO fellowship in Epidemiology twice in 2004 and in 2010. Dr. Dhamija has a unique insight of having clinical experience in two different parts of the world, Australia and India. Dr. Dhamija was awarded the 33rd S. Radhakrishnan Memorial National Medical Teacher Award in 2017. He is a recipient of Dr B C Bansal, Uma Bansal Oration in 2019 for his contribution to Medical Sciences in India. He is also an adviser for Royal College of Physicians (London) and has been invited to present his research and lecture at several international meetings in the USA, Canada, Japan, Australia, Thailand, Morocco, Malaysia, Cameroon and Bhutan. He is also Chair of Movement Disorders at World Federation of Neurorehabilitation. He is a WHO expert in Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation. He has 117 publications and book chapters to his credit. 

joan Joan Ferri Campos
Vithas Hospitals Neurorehabilitation
Valencia, Spain

Dr. Ferri Campos serves as General Director of Vithas Hospitals Neurorehabilitation Network (, which includes different rehabilitation facilities located in Spain. He is also an active member of the National Medical Advisory Committee of Vithas Hospitals. He is currently the President of the Spanish Society of Neurorehabilitation and member of the scientific committee of neurorehabilitation in the European Academy of Neurology. Dr. Ferri Campos is an expert in neurorehabilitation, clinical neuropsychologist and obtained his PhD at the University of Valencia. He has served in the Board of Governors of the Spanish Neurorehabilitation Society from 2000 and is the President of this institution. Dr. Ferri is also a member of the Stroke Strategy Committee (Spanish National Health System), and collaborates as associate member with the National Commission of Brain Injury due to traffic accidents. From an academic perspective, he collaborates with the University of Valencia and coordinates a Master's Degree in Neurosciences and Neurorehabilitation at CEU University. Dr. Ferri Campos participates as a member in numerous national and international societies, including the International Brain Injury Association (IBIA) and the International Society of Neurorehabilitation and Brain Damage. He is  the author of more than 100 peer reviewed scientific articles and book chapters on neurosciences and most importantly he is a recognised collaborator of  national brain injury family associations.

anna Anna Estraneo
IRCCS Don Gnocchi Foundation Scientific Institute
Florence, Italy

Anna Estraneo, MD is a clinical neurologist and researcher with expertise in neurophysiology and neurorehabilitation and care of patients with severe brain injury, with special research interest in the prognosis of patients with prolonged disorder of consciousness (pDoC). She is currently head of the Personalized Rehabilitation for Severe Acquired Brain Injury (PeRABI) Research Unit at IRCCS Don Gnocchi Foundation Scientific Institute in Florence and Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi (Italy). She is currently co-chair of the European Academy of Neurology Scientific Panel on coma and chronic DoC; Leader of the diagnosis/prognosis subgroup of the International Brain Injury Association special interest group (SIG) on pDoC; Coordinator of the Italian inter-society consensus for management of post-anoxic DoC and pDoC; and Governing Board member of the Italian Neurological Rehabilitation (SIRN) and of the Italian Neurophysiology Societies and chair of the SIRN-SIG on severe acquired brain injury. She is author of more than 100 papers published in international peer-reviewed scientific journals and of book chapters on pDoC, epilepsy and neurodegenerative diseases.

giustini, NRE board member Alessandro Giustini
San Pancrazio Rehabilitation Hospital
Arco (TN), Italy

Dr. Giustini is a Consultant for the San Raffaele Rehabilitation Research Institute and University in Rome. He received his post-graduate Diplomas in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (Milan), Gerontology (Florence) and Health Services and Hospital Management (Siena). He has worked as a Consultant Professor in PM&R in Florence, Siena, Chieti and Rome Universities in Rehabilitation Sciences. He has been a member of Italian rehabilitation societies (SIMFER, SIRN) and other international bodies (ISPRM, ESPRM, UEMS-PRM Section, WFNR, RI, Mediterranean Forum of PRM, IBRC) working on the development, education, team work and financial aspects of rehabilitation services. He is Chair of the ESPRM Robotic European Committee and Scientific Director of the European Robotic Rehabilitation Summer School. His main fields for clinical activities and research are new rehabilitation technologies management in relation to aged populations, neurorehabilitation applications and perspectives in developed and developing countries, disabled people's needs and rights ICF and applications in education, team work and organization, community-based rehabilitation, and robotic rehabilitation.

Lindsey Gurin, NRE board member Lindsey Gurin
NYU Langone Health
New York, NY, USA

Dr. Lindsey Gurin is a clinical assistant professor of neurology, psychiatry, and rehabilitation medicine at NYU Langone Health. Dr. Gurin completed her medical education at Brown University and is dually board-certified in neurology and psychiatry, with additional certifications in behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry, and brain injury medicine. She currently serves as Director of Behavioral Neurology at NYU Langone Orthopedics Hospital, where she provides neuropsychiatric consultation to the Rusk acute inpatient brain injury rehabilitation service, and she provides outpatient care to patients with cognitive and neurobehavioral disorders at the NYU Pearl Barlow Memory Evaluation Center. Dr. Gurin has published on neuropsychiatric manifestations of brain injury and her current research interests include psychosis after brain injury, disorders of consciousness, and catatonia in patients with neurologic disorders.

Carol Hawley, NRE board member Carol Hawley
University of Warwick
Coventry, UK

Carol A. Hawley BA, PhD has been working in the field of brain injury for 30 years and is an internationally respected research psychologist. She has been Principal Research Fellow at Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick (UK) for many years and is currently an Associate Fellow. She has been Honorary Principal Research Fellow at University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire, UK for ten years. She is also Director of the CARGY Research Consultancy. Her research interests include the epidemiology, treatment and rehabilitation outcomes after acquired brain injury in adults, children, adolescents and older people. Her work also includes return to learning after ABI, criminal justice and ABI, and driving after neurological conditions. She has led research funded by UK Government (Department of Health, Department of Education, and Department for Transport), UK Councils, industry and charities. She has published widely and is regularly invited to speak at national and international conferences. She also supervises PhD and Medical Students. She is currently Immediate Past-Chair of the International Paediatric Brain Injury Society (IPBIS), having been IPBIS Chair from 2014 to 2020. She also serves on the Board of Governors of the International Brain Injury Association (IBIA). She is a Faculty member of the World Federation of Neurological Rehabilitation (WFNR) and Chairs the WFNR Special Interest Group on Driving and Neurological Disorders. She serves on the editorial board of Brain Injury and regularly acts as peer-reviewer for a wide range of journals in the fields of neurology, psychology, epidemiology, transportation, trauma and rehabilitation.

Lexell, NRE board member Jan Lexell
Lund University
Lund, Sweden

Jan Lexell, MD, PhD, DPhil h.c. is Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine and Chair in the Department of Health Sciences at Lund University, Lund and Head of the Rehabilitation Medicine Research Group. He is Medical Director, Senior Consultant Physician in Neurorehabilitation in the Department of Rehabilitation at Ängelholm Hospital, Sweden, and Medical Director at Hermelinen Sports Concussion Center, Luleå, Sweden. He is board certified (Sweden) in rehabilitation medicine as well as neurology. He is standing member of the Medical Committee in the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and Chair of the IPC Therapeutic Use Exemption Committee (TUEC). At Lund University he leads a research group with physicians, psychologists, physiotherapists and nurses. His research group focuses on people with a neurologic disability or persistent pain. The group uses quantitative and qualitative methods to study the consequences of a disability in a life-long perspective and develop rehabilitation interventions to assist these people to achieve the highest possible level of functioning. The research projects include people with post-polio syndrome, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, stroke and neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis and neuromuscular disorders, and children, adolescents and adults with long-standing pain. One area of research is related to Paralympic sports medicine, in particular injuries and illnesses in parasport. He has published over 300 original articles, reviews, proceedings and book chapters on topics related to muscle physiology, aging, neurorehabilitation, pain rehabilitation and Paralympic sport.

Melina Longoni, NRE board member Melina Longoni
ReDel Rehabilitation Center
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Melina Longoni is an M.D. specialized in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hyperbaric Medicine Specialist, Wound Care and Expert in Natural Therapies and Pediatric Rehabilitation. She received her medical degree from the Universidad Abierta Interamericana in Argentina. Currently she is the Medical Director of the ReDel Rehabilitation Center in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is a Scientific Advisor for BBraun Medical Argentina and PM&R in Los Madroños Hospital in Spain. She is an honorary member of the College of Electrodiagnostic Medicine and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Mexico (COMEFYR). In 2021 she was awarded the Brucker Award from the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM) in recognition of professional achievements that have significantly advanced the international field of rehabilitation. She has published in national and international journals in the field of neurological rehabilitation, among others, and has participated in the production of several books in the field of rehabilitation.

Stefano Mazzoleni, NRE board member Stefano Mazzoleni
Polytechnic University of Bari
Bari, Italy

Stefano Mazzoleni received the University degree (Laurea) in Computer Engineering from the University of Pisa (Italy) in 2002 and the Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from the University of Genoa (Italy) in 2007. From May 2015 to March 2020 he was Assistant Professor at the BioRobotics Institute of Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna of Pisa (Italy). Currently he is tenure-track Assistant Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology of Polytechnic University of Bari (Italy) and Research Affiliate at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna of Pisa. His research interests include rehabilitation robotics, bioengineering, human-machine interfaces, motor control, motor recovery, human-robot interaction, e-health applications. He is an author of more than 120 scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals and international conferences. He is a member of several Editorial Boards of international scientific journals in the fields of robotics, rehabilitation, bioengineering and automation. He is a member of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (IEEE RAS), IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS), IEEE Brain Community, Italian Society of Neurological Rehabilitation (SIRN), Bioengineering National Group (GNB) and National Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Machines (I-RIM). He is furthermore a member of a research group in Neurobioethics coordinated by the Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum in Rome, Italy.

mcd, NRE board member Skye McDonald
University of New South Wales
Sydney, Australia

Professor Skye McDonald is a world leader in understanding social cognitive disorders after brain injury. She has published over 180 peer reviewed journal articles, 27 book chapters, 3 books, 140 conference presentations with an H index of 46 (Scopus; Aug 2020) and 6,600+ citations. Professor McDonald has supervised 100 research students at post-doctoral, doctoral, masters and honours levels. She leads a NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Brain Recovery that fosters collaboration amongst Australia’s leading researchers in brain injury rehabilitation, research translation, policy development and training for early career researchers. Professor McDonald has a substantial record of grant procurement (over $10 million 2000-2020), editorial and peer review activities and collaborations, and is regularly invited to speak at national/international meetings (e.g. 2019: Rio De Janeiro; 2017: Copenhagen, Buenos Aires; 2016: London, Macau).  She is currently President of the International Neuropsychological Society (term: 2019-2021). Professor McDonald has research interests in understanding the cognitive and physiological mechanism underpinning social cognition, emotion and interpersonal behaviour in both normal adults and people with traumatic brain injury. Her interests span theory development, the development of ecologically valid assessments and the development of remediation and intervention programs.

Owolabi, NRE board member Mayowa Ojo Owolabi
University of Ibadan
Ibadan, Nigeria

Mayowa Ojo Owolabi MBBS, Cert. Epid. & Glob. Health (Dundee), MSc, Dr.Med (Berlin), FMCP, FAAN, FANA, FAS, is Professor of Neurology and Dean of the Faculty of Clinical Sciences at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He is an innovative scientist with several inventions including the Seed of Life Model; HRQOLISP, a multiculturally-validated quality of life measure for stroke, available in many languages globally in several versions and languages; stroke quadrangle; stroke severity scale; stroke recovery spiral; cervical vertigo tetrad; and implementation cycle. He is an entrepreneur and scholar with a stroke phenotyping software patent and over 255 publications in peer reviewed journals. His first landmark publication, ‘Mapping Africa’s way into prominence in the field of Neurology’ got the attention of the WFN in 2007. His research covers vascular neurology, neuro-rehabilitation, and genomic epidemiology. He leads two NIH funded grants: SIREN, the largest study of stroke in Africa, >8000 subjects and discovered novel risk factors for stroke on the continent; and THRIVES, the first RCT of multipronged intervention to improve BP after stroke in Africa. He is the pioneer Chair of the largest consortium investigating cardiovascular diseases in Africa with >55,000 subjects.

antonio Antonio De Tanti
Centro Cardinal Ferrari Hospital (KOS GROUP)
Fontanellato, Italy

Dr Antonio De Tanti is an experienced Medical Director and Director of Scientific and Research with 18 years of expertise at Centro Cardinal Ferrari Hospital (KOS GROUP) in Fontanellato (Parma), Italy. With a proven track record in leadership and team management within the healthcare sector, he excels in implementing quality improvement initiatives and spearheading medical research endeavors. In 2010 he received the Senior Fellowship certificate from the European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Additionally, he serves as a Member of the Scientific Technical Committee for the GRACER Network of the Health and Social Policies Department in the Emilia-Romagna region. He has also contributed significantly as a Member of the Promoter Committee for three National Consensus Conferences on traumatic brain Injury (TBI) and severe Acquired brain Injury (sABI) in Modena (2000), Verona (2006), and Parma (2010). Since January 2023 he has held the esteemed position of Medical Director and Director of Scientific and Research Activities at KOS Group, and since February 2024 he has served as President of the Italian Society of Neurorehabilitation. Alongside his professional commitments, he imparts his expertise as a Master’s degree Instructor in Second Level Clinical Neurosciences at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan and Brescia. Dr. De Tanti's contributions extend to academia, with over 70 peer-reviewed journal publications focusing on neurorehabilitation.

JAC Jacqueline Theis
Virginia Neuro-Optometry/Concussion Care Centre of Virginia Ltd
Richmond, VA, USA

Dr. Jacqueline Theis is a neuro-optometrist, clinical researcher, international lecturer and author. She received her doctoral and post-doctoral residency training in Neuro-Optometry and Binocular Vision disorders from the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry. She is a previous Assistant Clinical Professor and Chief of the UC Berkeley Sports Vision and Concussion Clinic and currently serves as an Assistant Professor for the Uniformed Services University, School of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. She has extensive clinical experience in post-traumatic brain injury visual dysfunctions including oculomotor dysfunction, photophobia, visual processing, and visuo-vestibular symptoms. She serves as a member of the American Optometric Association Evidence Based Optometry and Vision Rehabilitation Committees and is a fellow of the American Academy of Optometry. She has been awarded the Young Optometrist of the Year award in both California in 2019 and Virginia in 2022. Her areas of expertise are: double vision, binocular vision, oculomotor dysfunction, photophobia, visual dysfunctions in brain injury/neurologic disease, saccades, vergence, smooth pursuit.

Joshua H. You, NRE board member Joshua H. You
Yonsei University
Kangwon-Do, Republic of Korea

Dr. Joshua You is a professor at the Department of Physical Therapy, Director of Sports & Fitness Center for Children with Disabilities, Director of Health, Wellness, & Prevention in Movement Impairments Across the Life Span, and Director of Robotics and Virtual Reality in Rehabilitation as well as, Research Director, P&S Mechanics, Inc. He is board certified in Physical Therapy and specialized in Neurorehabilitation, Neuroimaging, and Sports Physical Therapy and Fitness. He has recently been awarded “President’s Awards for Research Excellence” at Yonsei University. He has demonstrated a consistent record of publication, with more than 50 publications in internationally peer-reviewed journals, 3 book chapters and 3 books, as well as given over 50 physical therapy presentations and associated talks. His research is published in diverse venues and includes work in neurorehabilitation, neuroimaging, clinical neuro-engineering, robotics, virtual reality, biomechanics, motor control, and sports movement control. Dr. You has been recognized for his expertise at the national/international level, serving in numerous consultant and numerous journal editorial boards including Physical Therapy Korea, Associate Editor of American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, NeuroRehabilitation. He was an Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of the International Academy of Physical Therapy Research (JIAPTR). He serves Ad hoc reviewer for Stroke and Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. He was a member of Virginia Physical Therapy Association (VPTA) and American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). Currently, Dr. You is involved on innovative clinical neurorehabilitation research on neural substrates and plasticity underpinning novel therapeutic effects of robotic locomotor training system (WALKBOT) in adult stroke and children with cerebral palsy (CP) or robotic horse in children with CP, which has advanced clinical applications beyond the conventional neurorehabilitation techniques.

Anastasia Zarkou Anastasia Zarkou
Shepherd Center
Atlanta, GA, USA

Anastasia Zarkou PT, MS, PhD, a physical therapist by training, is a Research Scientist at Crawford Research Institute, Shepherd Center, Atlanta, GA, USA. She received her Ph.D. in Biomechanics and Movement Sciences from the University of Delaware. Her dissertation work, which won the dissertation award from the Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), aimed at identifying distal lower extremity somatosensation deficits, delineating their relationship with balance and motor function, and investigating if they can be modulated by utilizing random noise stimulation to enhance balance control in children with cerebral palsy. During her postdoctoral training, Dr. Zarkou was awarded the Craig H. Neilsen Foundation SCIRTS Postdoctoral Fellowship (# 651039) 20-22 and was able to extend her doctoral work by investigating the effects of transcranial random noise stimulation on cortical excitability, motor and sensory function in individuals with spinal cord injury. Her current research interests focus on investigating non-invasive and highly translational to clinical practice therapeutic methods to enhance neuroplasticity, promote motor and sensory function, and improve the overall quality of life in people with spinal cord injury. She is an active member of the APTA and World Physiotherapy where she serves on the Abstract Review Committees. Dr. Zarkou is also an ad-hoc reviewer in several physical therapy and neurorehabilitation scientific journals.

Author Guidelines


Submission information
By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically to the journal’s editorial management system. Note that the manuscript should be uploaded as one file with tables and figures included. All submissions need to be in MsWord format; pdf format will not be accepted.

Publication fee
For articles that are submitted and accepted from January 1, 2023, authors will be required to pay a publication fee of €600/US$600.

Publication fees do not apply to invited (solicited) articles, book reviews, and letters to the editor. In all other cases, there are no exceptions to the fee.

Artificial intelligence policy
NeuroRehabilitation follows the recommendations from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) regarding artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted technology.

Text generated from artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, or similar algorithmic tools cannot be the original content in papers submitted to the journal. Nor does the journal accept figures, images, or graphics produced by such tools. However, AI tools can be used in the writing process to improve the readability and language. A disclosure should be added to the paper in case AI tools were used and in which manner.

AI programs should not be included in the author list, nor should they be cited. AI programs cannot be responsible for the accuracy, integrity, and originality of the work. The authors are ultimately responsible for the contents of the paper and, in case AI tools are used, should carefully review the output as it can be incorrect, incomplete, and/or biased. For more information, see the IOS Press Ethics Policy.

Changes to authorship
Please note that changing the authors list (i.e. adding / removing authors, or changing the order) is not allowed after submission of the manuscript. Please see the IOS Press authorship policy for further information.


1. Organization of the paper and style of presentation
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to consult a professional English language editing service or a native English speaker prior to submission.

Please use person first language (i.e. a person with an injury, not an injured person) and active voice.

Manuscripts should be written in Arial, font size 12 and prepared with 1 inch margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face. 

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Body of text (divided by subheadings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion)
  • Statements (Acknowledgements, Declaration of interest, Ethics statement, Informed consent, Funding statement)
  • References
  • Tables and captions (10 maximum)
  • Figures and captions (10 maximum)

2. Title page
The title page should provide the following information:

  • Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
  • Abstract
  • Keywords (6-8 terms from the MeSH database)
  • Article type: Research Article, Review Article, Brief Report, Case Report, or Letter to the Editor
  • 3. Abstract
    The abstract should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words. The abstract should be suitable for publication in abstracting services. The abstract for research papers should follow the “structured abstract” format. Section labels should be in bold uppercase letters followed by a colon, and each section will begin on a new line.


    4. Materials and methods

    Experimental subjects
    Please include a statement that procedures involving experiments on human subjects are done in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Declaration of Helsinki of 1964 and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

    The approval number of the Ethics Committee or the Institutional Review Board and its affiliation together with the date of approval, or alternative identifiers, must be added as part of the statement.

    When experimental animals are used, the materials and methods section must briefly but explicitly state measures which were taken to minimize pain or discomfort, e.g. type and dose of anaesthetic used. Experiments should be carried out in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) or the Guidelines laid down by the NIH in the US.

    All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the materials and methods section identifying the review and approval committee for each study. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures have been used.

    Ethical considerations
    Please report the Institutional Review Board approval number and date of your research in this section. In case informed consent was obtained please also report it in this section. Studies exempt from Institutional Review Board approval should report the reason for exemption, e.g. "This study, as a literature review, is exempt from Institutional Review Board approval".

    Informed consent
    Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable should be shown the manuscript before it is published. When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the Methods section.

    Data sharing policy
    All relevant data that were used or produced for conducting the work presented in a paper is encouraged to be made FAIR and compliant with the PLOS data availability guidelines prior to submission. See in particular the list of recommended data repositories. (We might provide our own data availability guidelines in the future, but we borrow the excellent PLOS guidelines for now.) Data must be made openly accessible and freely reusable via established institutions and standards, unless privacy concerns forbid such a publication. In any case, metadata must be made publicly accessible and visible.

    Supplementary data can be submitted and should be included within the manuscript after the figures and tables (or after the references). Each supplementary item should have a legend and should not exceed the file size of 10 MB. A short description of the supplementary items should be included under the header Supplementary Material within the manuscript before the References. Large datasets should be hosted on the author's own or institute's website or in an appropriate database, and should be properly cited within the manuscript.

    Reporting guidelines
    Manuscripts should adhere to the EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines relevant to the research design.

    Specify the acknowledgements. If there are none, you can still include this section and insert "The authors have no acknowledgments".

    Declaration of interest
    It is the policy of NeuroRehabilitation to adhere in principle to the Conflict of Interest policy recommended by the ICMJE. All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. It is the sole responsibility of authors to disclose any affiliation with any organization with a financial interest, direct or indirect, in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript (such as employment, consultancies, paid expert testimony, honoraria, speakers bureaus, retainers, stock options or ownership, patents or patent applications or travel grants) that may affect the conduct or reporting of the work submitted. All sources of funding for research are to be explicitly stated. If uncertain as to what might be considered a potential conflict of interest, authors should err on the side of full disclosure. If there are no declarations, authors should explicitly state that there are none. This must be stated at the point of submission (within the manuscript, after the main text,  and under a subheading "Declaration of interest"). Manuscript submission cannot be completed unless a declaration of interest statement (either stating the disclosures or reporting that there are none) is included. This will be made available to reviewers and will appear in the published article. If any potential conflicts of interest are found to have been withheld following publication, the journal will proceed according to COPE guidance. The intent of this policy is not to prevent authors with any particular relationship or interest from publishing their work, but rather to adopt transparency such that reviewers, editors, the publisher, and most importantly, readers can make objective judgments concerning the work product.

    Specify sources of funding. If there are none, you can still include this section at the end of the paper and insert "The authors report no funding".

    5. Article types

    Research articles
    Research articles should be structured as outline above. Submissions must not exceed 25 pages, excluding references, tables and figures. 

    Review articles
    Review articles should be authoritative and topical and provide comprehensive and balanced coverage of a timely and/or controversial issue. For systematic reviews, authors should consult PRISMA ( and prepare their reviews as per the PRISMA Checklist. We recommend the EQUATOR Network ( and the NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives ( as good sources for reporting guidelines. Submissions must not exceed 7500 words and include no more than 80 references and a maximum of 10 tables and figures. The search should have been carried out within the past 6 months so that the manuscript is timely.

    Brief reports
    Brief reports are articles of original scholarship of unusual interest of less than 1500 words (excluding references). They should be structured as research articles (see above) and may have a structured abstract. A total of two tables and/or figures are allowed.

    Case reports
    Case reports explain the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of an individual case which has not been previously published in the medical literature. Administered treatments should be supported by previously published research. Case reports must not exceed 2000 words and should follow the CARE guidelines (

    Letter to the editor
    Authors can submit comments of 1000 words or less concerning prior articles published in NeuroRehabilitation. Letters should not exceed 500 words and five references; should have one table/figure maximum; should have no abstract or key points; and should include any conflicts of interest.


    Authors are requested to use the APA (American Psychological Association) citation style. APA in-text citations should include the author's last name followed by the year of publication. All publications cited in the text should be presented in an alphabetical list of references at the end of the manuscript. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). See their website for more information. Authors are responsible for checking the accuracy of all references. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the APA citation guidelines. References must be listed alphabetically in APA style:

    Anderson, A. K. (2005). Affective influences on the attentional dynamics supporting awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 154, 258–281.
    Anderson, A. K., Christoff, K., Panitz, D., De Rosa, E., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2003). Neural correlates of the automatic processing of threat facial signals. Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 5627–5633.
    Armony, J. L., & Dolan, R. J. (2002). Modulation of spatial attention by fear-conditioned stimuli: An event-related fMRI study.Neuropsychologia, 40, 817–826.
    Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56,893–897.
    Calvo, M. G., & Lang, P. J. (2004). Gaze patterns when looking at emotional pictures: Motivationally biased attention. Motivation and Emotion, 28, 221–243.
    Carretie, L., Hinojosa, J. A., Martin-Loeches, M., Mecado, F., & Tapia, M. (2004). Automatic attention to emotional stimuli: Neural correlates.Human Brain Mapping, 22, 290–299.

    Tables should be numbered according to the sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables. Each table should be provided on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should not be included with the text content. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead. Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table. Table captions should be provided all together on a separate page.

    Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text. If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.

    Figures should be numbered according to the sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures. Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. Figures should not be included in the text. Color figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:

  • Line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF
  • Grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff
  • Do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
  • Do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing
  • Do not use color in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is color, you should change the settings)
  • For figures that should be printed in color, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF
  • Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%. On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced. Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript. Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity. Each illustration should be provided on a separate page. Illustrations should not be included in the text. The original drawings (no photocopies) are required. Electronic files of illustrations should preferably be formatted in Encapsulated PostScript Format. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum, and they should be provided all together on a separate page.

    Figures will be printed in grey scale. At an additional charge figures can be printed in color in the print version. Note that figures that are supplied to us in full color are always in color in the online version at no charge.


    Copyright of your article
    Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

    Article sharing
    Authors of journal articles are permitted to self-archive and share their work through institutional repositories, personal websites, and preprint servers. Authors have the right to use excerpts of their article in other works written by the authors themselves, provided that the original work is properly cited. The consent for sharing an article, in whole or in part, depends on the version of the article that is shared, where it is shared, and the copyright license under which the article is published. Please refer to the IOS Press Article Sharing Policy for further information.

    Quoting from other publications
    Authors, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing figures or tables from a book or journal article, should make sure that they are not infringing a copyright. Although in general authors may quote from other published works, permission should be obtained from the holder of the copyright if there will be substantial extracts or reproduction of tables, plates, or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.


    The corresponding author will receive a pdf proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

    The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module and is indexed by PubMed where it appears as [Epub ahead of Print]. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number. This is not the final version. When the article is published in an issue, the final published version replaces the pre-press file.


    How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books
    The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof. If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.


    Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


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    Abstracted/Indexed in

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    Open Access

    By default, articles published in NeuroRehabilitation are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

    Gold open access pricing
    Authors who choose gold open access publication will be charged an article publication charge of €1500 / US$1500 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or €2150 / US$2150 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

    Green open access
    Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.

    PubMedCentral deposits
    This journal deposits all open access articles in PubMedCentral (PMC) as part of the IOS Press Open Library. If an author chooses to publish their paper with open access then the publisher will deposit the article in PMC upon publication.

    Peer Review Policy

    NeuroRehabilitation is a peer-reviewed journal. Articles submitted to the journal undergo a double blind peer review process. This means that the identity of the authors is not known to the reviewers and the identity of the reviewers is not communicated to the authors. Please visit our reviewer guidelines for further information about how to conduct a review.

    After automatic plagiarism screening through iThenticate, all submitted manuscripts are subjected to initial appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief and, if found suitable for further consideration, to rigorous peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. Reasons to reject a paper in the pre-screening process could for example be that the work does not fall within the aims and scope, the writing is of poor quality, the instructions to authors were not followed or the presented work is not novel.

    Papers deemed suitable to be reviewed will be assigned to the Managing Editor. The Managing Editor will then select reviewers to comment on the work and might consider including the reviewers suggested by the author(s). Editors and reviewers are asked to excuse themselves from reviewing a submission if a conflict of interest makes them unable to make an impartial scientific judgment or evaluation. Conflicts of interest include but are not limited to: collaboration with the authors in the past three years; any professional or financial affiliations that may be perceived as a conflict of interest; a history of personal differences with the author(s).

    As a standard policy, decisions are based on one to two reviews, including a statistical review when relevant. The Editor-in-Chief strives to ensure a typical turnaround time of 3 months.

    Reviewers are asked to judge a paper on at least:

    • Significance to the field
    • Relevance to the journal
    • Methodology
    • Data analysis
    • Literature review
    • Writing style/clarity

    Based on the received reviews the handling editor will propose to the Editor-in-Chief a recommendation:

    1. Accept
    2. Minor revisions required
    3. Major revisions required
    4. Revise and resubmit
    5. Reject

    They mean the following:

    1. The manuscript is suitable for publication and only requires minor polishing; thus, no further reviews are requested.
    2. The authors are required to make moderate changes to their manuscript. The manuscript becomes acceptable for publication if the changes proposed by the reviewers and editors are successfully addressed. The revised manuscript will be examined by the Editor-in-Chief and possibly sent back to all (or a selection of) reviewers for a second round of reviews. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
    3. The manuscript cannot be accepted for publication in its current form. However, a major revision addressing all issues raised by the reviewers may be acceptable for publication. The revised manuscript will undergo a second round of review. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
    4. In its current form, the manuscript is not suitable for publication. A resubmission would require substantial revisions and is only encouraged in special cases. The resubmitted manuscript will be considered as a new submission.
    5. The manuscript is rejected as it is deemed to be out of scope, not relevant, or not meeting the journal’s quality standards in terms of significance, novelty, and/or presentation.

    Authors are given two rounds of revisions to make their manuscript acceptable for publication. In case the manuscript is still not suitable for publication after this time, it will be rejected. However, authors are encouraged to revise their manuscript again thoroughly and submit as a new submission. Authors are notified by the Managing Editor, whose decision is final.

    Organisation for Psychological Research into Stroke Annual Conference
    12 July 2024
    Bournemouth, UK

    The Fifth Biennial International Conference on Paediatric Acquired Brain Injury
    18-21 September 2024
    Glasgow, UK

    Newsletter: Be sure to sign up to the NeuroRehabilitation (NRE) newsletter to receive alerts of new issues and other journal news. Sign up via this link & you can read the latest newsletter here.

    NRE on LinkedIn: As a 30th anniversary gift to ourselves, we joined the realms of social media early in 2022 and we would be very pleased if you could join in the conversation on LinkedIn! We will be sharing journal news, press releases, content highlights, trending articles, and more. Follow us here!

    30th Anniversary: Discover an interview with the Editor-in-Chief Nathan D. Zasler, MD, and Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, PhD, on the journal's first 30 years, which has been published in the first issue of 2022 (in Vol.50, Iss.1). View the page dedicated to the 30th anniversary on this site here.

    Cochrane Corners: Since 2018, NRE and Cochrane Rehabilitation have been affiliated with the aim of improving evidence-based neurorehabilitation practice, through the section in NRE called Cochrane Corners. For details, you can view the editorial announcing the news, read the press release, or access the openly available inaugural article (in Vol.43, Iss.4). We also have a dedicated section featuring all published articles Cochrane Corners.

    Special Issues: NRE publishes regular special issues, providing full coverage of topical, clinically relevant, empirical information on neurorehabilitation. To see a complete list of special issues, and themed issues, that have been published over the years, go here.

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