Multiagent and Grid Systems

An International Journal of Data Science and Artificial Intelligence

Impact Factor


20, 4 issues

Latest issue

20:1 online 04 June 2024

Next issue

20:2 scheduled for September 2024

Back volumes

From volume 1, 2005

ISSN print


ISSN online

Online Only

Aims & Scope

Multiagent and Grid Systems – An International Journal of Data Science and Artificial Intelligence aims to provide a timely and prime forum for researchers and practitioners. The Journal solely considers original work that has not been published elsewhere, nor is under consideration for potential publication elsewhere. The Journal solicits manuscripts of solid work that fall within its thematic areas, i.e., Big Data, Machine Learning, Trustworthy AI, Decentralized AI, Edge AI, Cloud Computing, Health Data Science. The Journal publishes peer-refereed research and application articles of high technical quality and scientific standard. It features contributed research articles, review articles about the state of the art, and technical articles about implementation issues and real-world problems. Moreover, from time to time it presents special issues on topical developments of major research challenges and/or profound scientific impacts.

Editorial Board


Prof. Dr. Huaglory Tianfield
Glasgow Caledonian University
Cowcaddens Road 70, G4 0BA Glasgow, United Kingdom

Editor Emeritus

Prof. Dr. Rainer Unland
University of Duisburg-Essen
University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany

Associate Editors

Xu Chen
Jiangsu University
Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China

Haris M. Khalid
University of Dubai
Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Shangjing Lin
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Beijing, China

BalaAnand Muthu
Tagore Institute of Engineering and Technology

Yang Tang
East China University of Science and Technology
Shanghai, China

Hongji Yang
University of Leicester
Leicester, United Kingdom

Editorial Board

S. Ambroszkiewicz
Polish Academy of Sciences

A. Andrzejak
Heidelberg University

M. Beer
Sheffield Hallam University
United Kingdom

W. Cai
Nanyang Technological University

L.M. Camarinha-Matos
New University of Lisbon

J. Cao
Hong Kong Polytechnic University

B. Chaib-Draa
Université Laval

S. Cranefield
University of Otago
New Zealand

C.A.F. De Rose
Catholic University of Rio Grande

Y. Demazeau

J. Denzinger
University of Calgary

B. Di Martino
Second University of Naples

G. Di Marzo Serugendo
University of Geneva

F. Dignum
Umeå University

A. Drogoul
Institute of Research for Development

T. Eymann
Bayreuth University

R. Falcone
National Research Council of Italy, Rome

G. Fortino
University of Calabria

G. Fox
Indiana University

E.R. Gomes
Swinburne University of Technology

S. Gorlatch
Münster University

D. Greenwood
Whitestein Technologies AG

N. Griffiths
University of Warwick
United Kingdom

S. Guan
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University

P. Herrero
Politechnic University of Madrid

M.-P. Huget
University of Savoie - LISTIC

J. Koehler
Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Art

J.-L. Koning
Grenoble Institute of Technology

R. Kowalczyk
Swinburne University of Technology

D. Laforenza
Italian National Research Council

K. Liu
University of Reading
United Kingdom

B. López
University of Girona

J.P. Morrison
University College Cork

S. Ossowski
University Rey Juan Carlos

M. Parashar
Rutgers University

A. Perini
SRA Division, ITC - IRST

D. Petcu
West University of Timisoara

P. Petta
Medical University of Vienna

A. Poggi
University of Parma

D. E. Popescu
University of Oradea

F. Qian
East China University of Science and Technology

F. Rabhi
The University of New South Wales

R. Reddy
West Virginia University

A. Smirnov

R. Sterritt
University of Ulster at Jordanstown
United Kingdom

D.M. Swany
University of Delaware

D. Talia
University of Calabria DIES

I. Timm
University of Trier

J. Vidal
University of South Carolina

C.-L. Wang
University of Hong Kong

H. Yue
University of Strathclyde

F. Zambonelli
University of Modena e Reggio Emilia

J. Zhang
Nanyang Technological University

H. Zhu
Oxford Brookes University
United Kingdom

Author Guidelines


By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Authors who want to submit manuscripts to MAGS International Journal should go to the online submission system and follow the instructions thereon.

Any query about using the online submission system can be sent to

Required files of accepted article
The following electronic files are required:
- A word processor file of the text, such as Word, WordPerfect, LateX (If using LaTeX, please use the standard article.sty as a style file and also send a pdf version of the LaTeX file)
- Separate files of all figures (if any); see "Preparation of manuscripts" for the required file formats.
- The text of an accepted article should be plain formatted, e.g., 1.5 line spaced, one column, 12 point font, A4 paper with proper margins in top/bottom and left/right-hand sides.

Colour figures
It is possible to have figures printed in colour, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. See Preparation of Manuscripts for the required file formats.

Open Access option
The IOS Press Open Library offers authors an Open Access (OA) option. By selecting the OA option, the article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. In the Open Library the article processing charges are paid in the form of an Open Access Fee. Authors will receive an Open Access Order Form upon acceptance of their article. Open Access is entirely optional.
See also our website for more information about this option IOS Press Open Library


Organization of the paper and style of presentation
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to consult a professional English language editing service or a native English speaker prior to submission.

Manuscripts should be prepared with wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:
- Title page
- Body of text (divided by subheadings)
- Acknowledgements
- References
- Authors short biographical notes with passport style(i.e., mugshot) photos
- Tables should be embedded amidst the text where they are first cited
- Figures should be embedded amidst the text where they are first cited

Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

Title page
The title page should provide the following information:
- Title (should be clear, specific and succinct)
- Name(s) of author(s); please indicate who is the corresponding author
- Full affiliation(s)
- Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
- Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., fax no. and e-mail address
- Abstract; should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services
- Keywords.

Body of text
- The use of first persons (i.e., "I", "we", their possessives, etc.) should be avoided, which can nicely be expressed by the passive voice or other ways. This also applies to the Abstract.
- A research paper should be structured in terms of four parts, each of which may comprise multiple sections:
-+ Part One is problem description/definition, and a literature review upon the state of the art;
-+ Part Two is methodological formulation and/or theoretical development (fundamentals, principle and/or approach, etc.)
-+ Part Three is prototyping, case study or experiment; and
-+ Part Four is critical evaluation against related works, and the conclusion.
- A survey paper may skip Part Three, but should multiply Part Two and elaborate Parts One and Four.
- An application paper may light touch Part Two but should elaborate Part Three, with Parts One and Four similar to what a research paper would.

In any article it is unnecessary to have an arrangement statement at the beginning (or end) of every (Sub-)Section. Rather, a single overall arrangement statement about the whole paper can be made at the end of the Introduction Section.

Number as Table 1, Table 2 etc, and refer to all of them in the text.
Each table should be provided on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should be embedded in the text.

Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.
Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.
Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.


Number figures as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc and refer to all of them in the text.
Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. Figures should be embedded in the text.
Colour figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author.
For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:
- line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF
- grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff
- do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
- do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing
- do not use colour in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is colour, you should change the settings)
- for figures that should be printed in colour, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF
Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.
On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.

Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.
Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.


Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in an alphabetical list of references at the end of the manuscript in the following style:

[1] B. Newman and E.T. Liu, Perspective on BRCA1, Breast Disease 10 (1998), 3-10.
[2] D.F. Pilkey, Happy conservation laws, in: Neural Stresses, J. Frost, ed., Controlled Press, Georgia, 1995, pp. 332-391.
[3] E. Wilson, Active vibration analysis of thin-walled beams, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1991.

Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text.

If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.


Copyright of your article
Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

Article sharing
IOS Press adopted Sage’s Article Sharing Policy from 8th of July 2024. 
Please go to:  Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details. If your manuscript was submitted prior to 8th of July 2024, please contact with details of your enquiry.


The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module shortly after the proof is created and author corrections are implemented. This is not the final version. As soon as the article is assigned to an issue, the final bibliographic information will be added and the pre-press file will be replaced by the updated, final version. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number.


How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books
The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof.

If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email:

An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.


Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


Would you like some pointers on how to help your research achieve a wider reach and greater impact? Please consult our Promotional Toolkit for Authors for tips.

Please visit the IOS Press Authors page for further information.

Abstracted/Indexed in

ACM Digital Library
Applied Science & Technology Source
Cabell's Guide or Directory
DBLP Bibliography Server
EBSCO Engineering Collection
Microsoft Academic Search
SciVerse Scopus
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
Web of Science: Emerging Sources Citation Index

Open Access

By default, articles published in Multiagent and Grid Systems are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

Gold open access pricing
Authors who choose gold open access publication will be subject to an article publication charge of € 1500 / US$ 1500 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or € 2150 / US$ 2150 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

Green open access
Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.


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Sustainable Development Goals

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Visit the SDG page for more information.