Aims & Scope
The Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases aims to facilitate progress in understanding the molecular genetics/correlates, pathogenesis, pharmacology, diagnosis and treatment of acquired and genetic neuromuscular diseases (including muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, spinal muscular atrophy, neuropathies, myopathies, myotonias and myositis). The journal publishes research reports, reviews, short communications, letters-to-the-editor, and will consider research that has negative findings. The journal is dedicated to providing an open forum for original research in basic science, translational and clinical research that will improve our fundamental understanding and lead to effective treatments of neuromuscular diseases.
Associate Editors for Reviews
Gisèle Bonne, PhD
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Department of Genetics, Molecular Biology, Paris
Shin'ichi Takeda, MD, PhD
National Institute of Neuroscience, Translational Medical Center, Tokyo
Annemieke Aartsma-Rus, PhD
LUMC, Department of Human Genetics, Leiden
Jeff Chamberlain, PhD
University of Washington, Department of Neurology, Medicine and Biochemistry, Seattle
Giacomo Comi, MD
University of Milan, Department of Neurology, Milan
Claude Desnuelle, MD, PhD
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Department of Neurology, Nice
Salvatore DiMauro, MD
Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Neurology, New York
James Dowling, MD, PhD
Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Department of Molecular Genetics, Toronto
Tom Gillingwater, PhD, FAS, FRMS, MloD
Centre for Intergrative Physiology, Edinburgh
Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY
Eric P. Hoffman, PhD
Children’s National Medical Center, Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Washington
Nicolas Lévy, MD, PhD
Aix Marseille University-Inserm, Medical Genetics and Functional Genomics, Marseille
Elizabeth McNally, MD, PhD
Northwestern University, Center for Genetic Medicine, Chicago
Frederick W. Miller, MD, PhD
Environmental Autoimmunity Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Durham, NC
Markus A. Ruegg, PhD
University of Basel, Biozentrum, Basel
Stephan Züchner, MD, PhD
University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Department of Human Genetics, Miami
Social Media Editors
Grace McMacken, MD
Neurology Registrar, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast
Dr. Emily O'Connor
Lochmüller Lab, CHEO Research Institute II, Ottawa, ON
Valérie Allamand, PhD
Sorbonne Universités UPMC - Inserm UMRS 974, Institut de Myologie, Paris
Zohar Argov, MD
Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Jerusalem
Guillaume Bassez, MD, PhD
University of Paris, Department of Neurology, Paris
David Beeson, PhD
University of Oxford, Department of Medicine, Oxford
Alan Beggs, PhD
Boston Children’s Hospital, Department of Medicine Research, Boston
Leonard van den Berg, PhD
UMC Utrecht, Department of Neurology, Utrecht
Craig Blackstone, MD, PhD
Porter Neuroscience Research Center, Cell Biology Section, Bethesda
Bernard Brais, MD, PhD
CHUM Research Centre – Hopital Notre-Dame, Department of Neurology, Montreal
Thomas Braun, MD, Dr. rer. nat.
Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Department of Cardiac Development and Remodelling, Bad Nauheim
The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON
Steven Burden, PhD
New York University Medical Center, Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, New York, USA
Kate Bushby, MD
Newcastle upon Tyne
Gillian Butler-Browne, PhD
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris
University of Western Ontario, Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Neurological Sciences and Epidemiology, London, ON
Kevin Campbell, PhD
University of Iowa, Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Iowa City
Pierre Carlier, MD, PhD
CEA, Institut des Sciences du Vivant Frédéric Joliot, SHFJ, Orsay
Patrick Chinnery, PhD
University of Cambridge, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Stefania Corti, MD, PhD
University of Milan, DEPT Neurosciences Section, Milan
Giulio Cossu, MD
University of Manchester, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Manchester
Marinos Dalakas, MD, FAAN
University of Athens Medical School, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neuromuscular Diseases, Athens
Kay Davies, CBE, DBE, F.MedSci., FRS
University of Oxford, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, Oxford
John W. Day, MD, PhD
Stanford University Medical Center, Department of Neurology & Neurological Sciences, Stanford
Annamaria De Luca, PhD
University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Department of Pharmacology, Bari
George Dickson, PhD
Royal Holloway University of London, Department of Biomedical Sciences, London
Pieter van Doorn, MD, PhD
Erasmus MC, Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Rotterdam
Madeleine Durbeej, PhD
Lund University, Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund
James M. Ervasti, PhD
University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Minneapolis
Karyn A. Esser, PhD
University of Florida, Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics, Gainesville
Bruno Eymard, MD, PhD
Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Department of Neurology, Paris
Justin Fallon, PhD
Brown University, Department of Neuroscience, Providence
Alessandra Ferlini, MD, PhD
University of Ferrara, Department of Medical Science, Ferrara
Richard Finkel, MD
Nemours Children’s Hospital, Devision of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Orlando
Kenneth Fischbeck, MD
NIH, Neurogenetics Branch, Bethesda
Kevin M. Flanigan, MD
Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Neurology, Columbus
Bertrand Fontaine, MD, PhD
CRICM, Department of Neurology, Paris
Stanley C. Froehner, PhD
University of Washington, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Seattle
Luis Garcia, PhD
University of Versailles Saint-Quentin, Department of Inflammation & Therapeutiques, Montigny-le-Bretonneux
Sweta Girgenrath, PhD
Boston University, Department of Health Sciences, Boston
Hans Goebel, MD
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Neuropathology, Berlin
Nathalie Goemans, MD
UZ Leuven, Department of Paediatrics and Child Neurology, Leuven
Robert C. Griggs, MD
University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rochester
Miranda D. Grounds, PhD
The University of Western Australia, Department of Anatomy and Human Biology, Crawley
Denis C. Guttridge, PhD
The Ohio State University, Department of Regenerative Medicine, Columbus
Mike Hanna, MD
UCL Institute of Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London
Stephen Hauschka, PhD
University of Washington, Department of Biochemistry, Seattle
Michio Hirano, MD
Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Neuromuscular Medicine, Neurology, New York
Rita Horvath, PhD
Newcastle University, Department of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle upon Tyne
Johnny Huard, PhD
McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh
Isabel Illa, MD, PhD
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Department of Neurology, Barcelona
Heinz Jungbluth, MD, PhD
King's College London, Clinical Neuroscience Division, IoP, London
Nagaraju Kanneboyina, DVM, PhD
Children's National Medical Center, Department of Genetic Medicine Research, Washington
Petra Kaufmann, MD
NIH/NINDS, Office of Rare Diseases Research and Division of Clinical Innovation, Bethesda
Qing Ke, PhD
Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Institute of Neuroscience, Hangzhou
Tejvir S. Khurana, MD, PhD
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Philadelphia
Janbernd Kirschner, MD
Universitats Klinikum Freiburg, Department of Pediatric Neurology and Muscle Disorders, Freiburg
University of Calgary, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Calgary, AB
Dimitri Kullmann, MD, PhD
UCL, Institute of Neurology, London
Siegfried Labeit, MD
Universitätsklinikum Mannheim, Department of Biomedicine, Mannheim
Jocelyn Laporte, PhD
IGBMC, Department of Translational Medicine and Neurogenetics, Illkirch
Lars Larsson, MD, PhD
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology (FYFA), C3, Stockholm
Tom Lloyd, MD, PhD
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Baltimore
Andrew Mammen, MD, PhD
NIH, Muscle Disease Unit, Bethesda
Jerry R. Mendell, MD
Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Department of Neurology, Columbus
Giovanni Meola, MD
University of Milan, Department of Neurology, Milan
Stella Mitrani-Rosenbaum, PhD
Hadassah Medical Center, Genetic Therapy Institute, Jerusalem
Marina Mora, PhD
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Division of Neurology IV, Milan
University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA
Vincenzo Nigro, PhD
University of Naples, Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and General Pathology, Naples
Ichizo Nishino, MD, PhD
National Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Neuromuscular Research, Tokyo
Kathryn North, PhD
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne
Kinji Ohno, MD, PhD
Nagoya University School, Department of Neurogenetics and Bioinformatics, Nagoya
Eric Olson, PhD
Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Molecular Biology, Dallas
Bradley B. Olwin
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Gert-Jan van Ommen, PhD
LUMC, Department of Human Genetics, Leiden
Davide Pareyson, MD
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Department of Neurology, Milan
Thomas A. Rando, MD, PhD
Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology & Neurological Sciences, Stanford
Gina Ravenscroft, PhD
The University of Western Australia, Centre for Medical Research, Crawley
Mary Reilly, MD
UCL, Institute of Neurology, London
Isabelle Richard, PhD
Généthon – CNRS UMR8115, "Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies" lab, Evry
Lisa G. Rider, MD
NIEHS/NIH, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA
Richard Roxburgh, PhD, FRACP
Centre for Brain Research, University of Auckland
Vittorio Sartorelli, MD
NIH, Laboratory of Muscle Stem Cells and Gene Regulation, Bethesda
Neuropediatrics, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Essen
Jens Schmidt, MD
University Medical Center Göttingen, Department of Neuromuscular Diseases, Göttingen
Benedikt Schoser, MD
Friedrich-Baur-Institut, Department of Neurology, Munich
Duygu Selcen, MD
Mayo Clinic, Children's Center, Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Neurology, Jacksonville
Jan Senderek, MD
Friedrich-Baur-Institut, Department for Neuromuscular Diseases, Munich
Michael E. Shy, MD
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Division of Neuromuscular Medicine, Neurology, Iowa City
Werner Stenzel, MD
Charité – Universitätsmedizin, Department of Neuropathology, Berlin
Volker Straub, MD, PhD
University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle upon Tyne
Maurice Swanson, PhD
University of Florida, Department of Molecular Genetics Microbiology, Gainesville
Lee Sweeney, PhD
University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physiology, Pennsylvania
Kathryn J. Swoboda, MD
University of Utah School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Salt Lake City
Rabi N. Tawil, MD
University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rochester
Charles A. Thornton, MD
University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rochester
Vincent Timmerman, PhD
University of Antwerp, Department of Molecular Genetics, Antwerp
Haluk Topaloglu, MD
Hacettepe University, Department of Pediatrics, Neurology, Ankara
Antonio Toscano, MD
University of Messina, Department of Neurology, Messina
Doug Turnbull, MD
University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Wellcome Trust Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne
Bjarne Udd, MD, PhD
Tampere University and University Hospital, Neuromuscular Center, Tampere
Jan Verschuuren, MD
LUMC, Department of Neurology, Leiden
Angela Vincent, MBBS, (Hon PhD Bergen), FRCPath, FMedSci, FRS
University of Oxford, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Oxford
John Vissing, MD
University of Copenhagen, Department of Neurology, Copenhagen
Dominic Wells, VetMB, PhD, MRCVS, FHEA, FSB
The Royal Veterinary College, Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, London
Hugh Willison, PhD
University of Glasgow, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, Glasgow
Steve Wilton, PhD
The University of Western Australia, Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, Perth
Peter Zammit, PhD
King’s College London, Randall Division of Cell & Molecular Biophysics, London
Massimo Zeviani, MD, PhD
The Foundation “Carlo Besta” Institute of Neurology – IRCCS, Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Milan
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
PLEASE SUBMIT YOUR MANUSCRIPT HERE.
Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Any possible conflict of interest, financial or otherwise, related to the submitted work must be clearly indicated in the manuscript.
The article type (Research paper, Review paper, Editorial, Case Report, Letter to the Editor, etc) should be clearly mentioned in the cover letter to help the editorial process.
This journal operates with single-blind peer review. If the author prefers double-blind peer review, then please submit the manuscript excluding the author listing and make sure the document is anonymized, and list the authors and affiliations only in the cover letter for the Editor.
Note that the manuscript should be uploaded as one file with tables and figures included. This file can be a Word document, a PDF, or an embedded or zip file (.rar) if separate high resolution figures or a supplemental file such as a video are also to be included with the submission (the file size maximum for a video is 25MB). If the video is too large to submit, please contact email@example.com to arrange a file transfer. For further information about submitting supplementary data please scroll down the page to the header “Supplementary Material”.
Resubmissions should include the manuscript number in the cover letter. The author's replies to the reviewer comments should be included within the revised manuscript itself (at the top). The revised paper should always be a Word document.
ETHICS POLICIES AND PATIENT PERMISSIONS
Procedures involving experiments on human subjects should be in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. The author must state compliance in the cover letter and in the Methods section of the article.
Procedures involving experimentation on animal subjects should be in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the National Research Council’s guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. The author must state compliance in the cover letter and in the Methods section of the article.
Preferably patients in figures should be unrecognizable. Authors are responsible for obtaining patient permission for use of the material from all recognizable participants in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal or on the journal’s website. A statement that permission was granted by the patient must accompany the figure legend. Do not use study participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers anywhere in the manuscript (including figures).
PEER REVIEW POLICY
The Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases operates a rigorous, timely, blinded peer review process (with an option for double-blind if requested) by experts in the field. Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases will be assessed for suitability for publication in the journal by the Editors-in-Chief. Manuscripts that are deemed unsuitable may be rejected without peer review by the Editors-in-Chief and/or the Associate Editors, and the author will be informed as soon as possible. Manuscripts that are deemed suitable for peer review are forwarded to an Associate Editor with expertise in that area who then recruits appropriate anonymous referees (a minimum of two) for confidential review. Referee reports are then assessed by the Associate Editor, who makes a decision which is then subject to approval by the Editors-in-Chief. Once approved this decision is then conveyed to the author along with the referees’ anonymized reports.
The initial decision will be one of the following: rejection, acceptance without revision, or potentially acceptable after minor or major revisions. Revised manuscripts will be appraised by the Associate Editor, who may seek the opinion of referees (prior or new) before making a decision, which again is subject to approval of the Editors-in-Chief. Once approved, this decision is then conveyed to the author along with the anonymized referees’ reports. Once accepted, manuscripts are normally published on-line without delay and appear in the next available print issue (published quarterly).
The Editors-in-Chief have ultimate responsibility for what is published in the journal. Authors may appeal decisions by contacting the Editors-in-Chief (at firstname.lastname@example.org). Authors will be informed in writing of the result of their appeal.
PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS
Organization and style of presentation
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- There are no page or word limits for Research Reports but manuscripts over 10,000 words (Introduction through Discussion) should be approved by the Editor-in-Chief before submission.
- Manuscripts should be organized in the following order with headings and subheadings typed on a separate line, without indentation.
- Title (should be clear, descriptive and concise)
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- Full affiliation(s). Delineate affiliations with lowercase letters.
- Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
- Running title (45 characters or less, including spaces)
- Complete correspondence address, including telephone number, fax number and e-mail address
Leave the author information blank if double-blind peer review is wished for and anonymize your document, but do include the information in the cover letter.
Changes in Authorship
When submitting the manuscript the author listing and order should be final. If any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list does need to be made after submission, this can be done only before acceptance and with the Editor’s approval. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (1) the reason for the change in author list and (2) written confirmation from all authors, including the affected author, that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in an Erratum.
Abstract and Keywords
-The abstract for research papers should follow the "structured abstract" format:
The abstract should try to be no longer than 250 words.
- For other papers such as Reviews, the abstract should be clear, descriptive, and self-explanatory, and no longer than 250 words.
- Include a list of 4-10 keywords. These keywords should be terms from the MeSH database.
- Note that ALL articles (except book reviews and letters to the editor) must include an abstract.
Materials and Methods
Acknowledgments including sources of support
Conflict of Interest
If there is no conflict of interest to declare, do still include this section and insert "The authors have no conflict of interest to report".
Authors are requested to use the Vancouver citation style. Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript. List the references in the order in which they appear in the text. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). If an article has a DOI, this should be provided after the page number details. The number is added after the letters 'doi'. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the Vancouver citation guidelines.
References must be listed in Vancouver style:
 Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
 Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
 Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
 Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93-113.
 Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from: www.cancer.ca/.
 Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press 2002.
 Fletcher D, Wagstaff CRD. Organisational psychology in elite sport: its emergence, application and future. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2009;10(4):427-34. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.03.009.
Datasets and Data Articles
All datasets and data articles referenced in your manuscript should be cited in the main reference list of your article (not in a separate box or in the article text).
- Number according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
- Provide each table on a separate page of the manuscript after the references.
- Include a brief and self-explanatory title with any explanations essential to the understanding of the table given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.
- Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.
- Citations in the tables should be numbered and included in the Reference list.
The author is required to have obtained patient permission from all recognizable participants in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal or on the journal’s website. A statement that permission was granted by the patient must accompany the figure legend. Do not use study participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers in the legend, figure, or anywhere in the manuscript.
- Number the figures according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures.
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- On figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales to avoid problems if the figure needs to be reduced.
- Each illustration should have a brief self-explanatory legend that should be typed separately from the figure in the section of the manuscript following the tables.
- Costs for color figures in the print version of the journal are as follows: 1 figure - 650 euro; 2 figures - 900 euro; 3 figures - 1050 euro; 4 figures - 1200 euro; 5 figures - 1350 euro. Cost for each additional color figure will be 150 euro. Color figures are free in the electronic version of the journal. You may opt to send in both black/white figures for print, and color figures for the online PDF (please adjust the figure legend appropriately).
Supplementary material is peer-reviewed material directly relevant to the conclusion of a paper that cannot be included in the printed version for reasons of space or medium (for example, movie clips or sound files). The supplement will be available for download from the publisher's content library site at the time of publication and will be made available in the format in which it was provided.
Supplementary material should be included at the end of the main manuscript at the time of submission. In the case of sound/movie files, these can be submitted separately to the Managing Editor (email@example.com) at the time of submission. Supplementary tables and figures must have a separate numbering system from that used for tables and figures that appear in the print version of the paper (the first figure displayed should be labeled "Supplementary Figure 1", the first table "Supplementary Table 1", and so on). References should also be cited in supplements started with  and listed separately.
Supplementary files are limited to 10MB, except videos which can be up to 25MB.
Supplementary material for Short Communications is limited to 500 words and 1 table or figure.
Reviews should be authoritative and topical and provide comprehensive and balanced coverage of a timely and/or controversial issue. Reviews should be prepared as detailed above for a Research Report, omitting Introduction through Discussion, and include a conclusion. An abstract must also be included. The length of the review article is at the discretion of the author but should be within reasonable limits. The Editor-in-Chief can be consulted regarding reviews of unusual length.
Systematic reviews or meta-analyses that include a methods section are typically considered as a Research report and should be formatted as such.
A short communication is an article of original scholarship of unusual interest of less than 1500 words (not including references). An abstract of 100 words or less should be included with no subdivison of text into sections. References should be formatted as above. A total of two tables and/or figures are allowed.
A hypothesis article should be a balanced and insightful consideration of a topic with novel hypotheses well presented and supported. The article should be prepared as a Research Report but without Methods or Results sections.
Book reviews should be 750 words or less and without sections. Suggestions can be proposed to the Editors-in-Chief.
Commentaries can be around 1000 words with an abstract and no other subdivisions.
REMEMBER TO INCLUDE
In cover letter:
- Name, postal address, phone number, fax number and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
- Name of an Associate Editor with expertise in the area of the study (if no Associate Editor is suitable, the Editorial Office will handle the submission).
- Statement that all authors have contributed to the work, agree with the presented findings, and that the work has not been published before nor is being considered for publication in another journal.
- A list of at least 4-6 potential reviewers knowledgeable in the area of the study and potential reviewer conflicts.
- Statement that procedures involving experiments on human subjects are done in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975.
- Statement that procedures involving experimentation on animal subjects are done in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the National Research Council's guide for the care and use of laboratory animals.
- Compliance with guidelines on human experimentation as well as protocol approval by a local Institutional Review Board should be specified.
- Compliance with guidelines of animal experimentation as well as protocol approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee should be specified.
- Statement of all financial and material support for this research and any potential conflicts should also be clearly identified in the the acknowledgment and Conflict of Interest sections. If there is no Conflict-of-Interest then still add this statement.
Resubmissions should include the manuscript number and a reference that the paper is a revision. The point-by-point response to the previous reviews should be included at the top of the manuscript.
All affiliations with or financial involvement (e.g., employment, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, grants or patents received or pending, royalties) with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or in financial competition with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript are completely disclosed in the letter of submission.
All financial and material support for this research and work are clearly identified in the manuscript including listing of support specified in the letter of submission that might constitute or give the appearance of influencing the findings, based on the judgment of the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with the Associate Editor handling the review of the manuscript.
PRE-PRESS AND PROOFS
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Quoting from other publications
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