Volume

8, 6 issues

Latest issue

8:4 online 30 July 2021

Next issue

8:5 scheduled for October 2021

Back volumes

From volume 1, 2014

ISSN print

2214-3599

ISSN online

2214-3602

Aims & Scope

The Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases aims to facilitate progress in understanding the molecular genetics/correlates, pathogenesis, pharmacology, diagnosis and treatment of acquired and genetic neuromuscular diseases (including muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, spinal muscular atrophy, neuropathies, myopathies, myotonias and myositis). The journal publishes research reports, reviews, short communications, letters-to-the-editor, and will consider research that has negative findings. The journal is dedicated to providing an open forum for original research in basic science, translational and clinical research that will improve our fundamental understanding and lead to effective treatments of neuromuscular diseases.

Editorial Board

Editors-in-Chief

Carsten G. Bönnemann, MD
National Institute of Neurological Disorders
and Stroke/NIH, Neuromuscular and Neurogenetic , Disorders of Childhood Section, Bethesda
USA
Email: carsten.bonnemann@nih.gov

Hanns Lochmüller, MD, PhD
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa
Canada
Email: hanns.lochmuller@gmail.com

Associate Editors for Reviews

Gisèle Bonne, PhD
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Department of Genetics, Molecular Biology, Paris
France

Shin'ichi Takeda, MD, PhD
National Institute of Neuroscience, Translational Medical Center, Tokyo
Japan

Associate Editors

Annemieke Aartsma-Rus, PhD
LUMC, Department of Human Genetics, Leiden
The Netherlands

Jeff Chamberlain, PhD
University of Washington, Department of Neurology, Medicine and Biochemistry, Seattle
USA

Giacomo Comi, MD
University of Milan, Department of Neurology, Milan
Italy

Claude Desnuelle, MD, PhD
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Department of Neurology, Nice
France

Salvatore DiMauro, MD
Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Neurology, New York
USA

James Dowling, MD, PhD
Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Department of Molecular Genetics, Toronto
Canada

Tom Gillingwater, PhD, FAS, FRMS, MloD
Centre for Intergrative Physiology, Edinburgh
United Kingdom

Matthew Harms
Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY
USA

Eric P. Hoffman, PhD
Children’s National Medical Center, Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Washington
USA

Nicolas Lévy, MD, PhD
Aix Marseille University-Inserm, Medical Genetics and Functional Genomics, Marseille
France

Elizabeth McNally, MD, PhD
Northwestern University, Center for Genetic Medicine, Chicago
USA

Frederick W. Miller, MD, PhD
Environmental Autoimmunity Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Durham, NC
USA

Markus A. Ruegg, PhD
University of Basel, Biozentrum, Basel
Switzerland

Stephan Züchner, MD, PhD
University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Department of Human Genetics, Miami
USA

Social Media Editors

Grace McMacken, MD
Neurology Registrar, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast
United Kingdom

Dr. Emily O'Connor
Lochmüller Lab, CHEO Research Institute II, Ottawa, ON
Canada

Editorial Board

Valérie Allamand, PhD
Sorbonne Universités UPMC - Inserm UMRS 974, Institut de Myologie, Paris
France

Zohar Argov, MD
Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Jerusalem
Israel

Guillaume Bassez, MD, PhD
University of Paris, Department of Neurology, Paris
France

David Beeson, PhD
University of Oxford, Department of Medicine, Oxford
United Kingdom

Alan Beggs, PhD
Boston Children’s Hospital, Department of Medicine Research, Boston
USA

Leonard van den Berg, PhD
UMC Utrecht, Department of Neurology, Utrecht
The Netherlands

Craig Blackstone, MD, PhD
Porter Neuroscience Research Center, Cell Biology Section, Bethesda
USA
    
Bernard Brais, MD, PhD
CHUM Research Centre – Hopital Notre-Dame, Department of Neurology, Montreal
Canada

Thomas Braun, MD, Dr. rer. nat.
Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Department of Cardiac Development and Remodelling, Bad Nauheim
Germany

Ari Breiner
The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON
Canada

Steven Burden, PhD
New York University Medical Center, Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, New York, USA
USA

Kate Bushby, MD
Newcastle upon Tyne
United Kingdom
    
Gillian Butler-Browne, PhD
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris
France
    
Craig Campbell
University of Western Ontario, Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Neurological Sciences and Epidemiology, London, ON
Canada

Kevin Campbell, PhD
University of Iowa, Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Iowa City
USA

Pierre Carlier, MD, PhD
CEA, Institut des Sciences du Vivant Frédéric Joliot, SHFJ, Orsay
France

Patrick Chinnery, PhD
University of Cambridge, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cambridge, United Kingdom
United Kingdom

Stefania Corti, MD, PhD
University of Milan, DEPT Neurosciences Section, Milan
Italy

Giulio Cossu, MD
University of Manchester, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Manchester
United Kingdom

Marinos Dalakas, MD, FAAN
University of Athens Medical School, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neuromuscular Diseases, Athens
Greece

Kay Davies, CBE, DBE, F.MedSci., FRS
University of Oxford, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, Oxford
United Kingdom

John W. Day, MD, PhD
Stanford University Medical Center, Department of Neurology & Neurological Sciences, Stanford
USA

Annamaria De Luca, PhD
University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Department of Pharmacology, Bari
Italy

George Dickson, PhD
Royal Holloway University of London, Department of Biomedical Sciences, London
United Kingdom

Pieter van Doorn, MD, PhD
Erasmus MC, Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Rotterdam
The Netherlands

Madeleine Durbeej, PhD
Lund University, Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund
Sweden

James M. Ervasti, PhD
University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Minneapolis
USA

Karyn A. Esser, PhD
University of Florida, Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics, Gainesville
USA

Bruno Eymard, MD, PhD
Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Department of Neurology, Paris
France

Justin Fallon, PhD
Brown University, Department of Neuroscience, Providence
USA
    
Alessandra Ferlini, MD, PhD
University of Ferrara, Department of Medical Science, Ferrara
Italy

Richard Finkel, MD
Nemours Children’s Hospital, Devision of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Orlando
USA
    
Kenneth Fischbeck, MD
NIH, Neurogenetics Branch, Bethesda
USA

Kevin M. Flanigan, MD
Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Neurology, Columbus
USA
    
Bertrand Fontaine, MD, PhD
CRICM, Department of Neurology, Paris
France

Stanley C. Froehner, PhD
University of Washington, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Seattle
USA

Luis Garcia, PhD
University of Versailles Saint-Quentin, Department of Inflammation & Therapeutiques, Montigny-le-Bretonneux
France

Sweta Girgenrath, PhD
Boston University, Department of Health Sciences, Boston
USA

Hans Goebel, MD
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Neuropathology, Berlin
Germany
    
Nathalie Goemans, MD
UZ Leuven, Department of Paediatrics and Child Neurology, Leuven
Belgium

Robert C. Griggs, MD
University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rochester
USA
    
Miranda D. Grounds, PhD
The University of Western Australia, Department of Anatomy and Human Biology, Crawley
Australia

Denis C. Guttridge, PhD
The Ohio State University, Department of Regenerative Medicine, Columbus
USA

Mike Hanna, MD
UCL Institute of Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London
United Kingdom

Stephen Hauschka, PhD
University of Washington, Department of Biochemistry, Seattle
USA

Michio Hirano, MD
Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Neuromuscular Medicine, Neurology, New York
USA

Rita Horvath, PhD
Newcastle University, Department of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle upon Tyne
United Kingdom

Johnny Huard, PhD
McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh
USA

Isabel Illa, MD, PhD
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Department of Neurology, Barcelona
Spain

Heinz Jungbluth, MD, PhD
King's College London, Clinical Neuroscience Division, IoP, London
United Kingdom

Nagaraju Kanneboyina, DVM, PhD
Children's National Medical Center, Department of Genetic Medicine Research, Washington
USA

Petra Kaufmann, MD
NIH/NINDS, Office of Rare Diseases Research and Division of Clinical Innovation, Bethesda
USA

Qing Ke, PhD
Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Institute of Neuroscience, Hangzhou
China

Tejvir S. Khurana, MD, PhD
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Philadelphia
USA

Janbernd Kirschner, MD
Universitats Klinikum Freiburg, Department of Pediatric Neurology and Muscle Disorders, Freiburg
Germany

Lawrence Korngut
University of Calgary, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Calgary, AB
Canada

Dimitri Kullmann, MD, PhD
UCL, Institute of Neurology, London
United Kingdom

Siegfried Labeit, MD
Universitätsklinikum Mannheim, Department of Biomedicine, Mannheim
Germany

Jocelyn Laporte, PhD
IGBMC, Department of Translational Medicine and Neurogenetics, Illkirch
France

Lars Larsson, MD, PhD
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology (FYFA), C3, Stockholm
Sweden

Tom Lloyd, MD, PhD
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Baltimore
USA

Andrew Mammen, MD, PhD
NIH, Muscle Disease Unit, Bethesda
USA

Jerry R. Mendell, MD
Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Department of Neurology, Columbus
USA

Giovanni Meola, MD
University of Milan, Department of Neurology, Milan
Italy

Stella Mitrani-Rosenbaum, PhD
Hadassah Medical Center, Genetic Therapy Institute, Jerusalem
Israel

Marina Mora, PhD
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Division of Neurology IV, Milan
Italy

Tahseen Mozaffar
University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA
USA

Vincenzo Nigro, PhD
University of Naples, Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and General Pathology, Naples
Italy

Ichizo Nishino, MD, PhD
National Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Neuromuscular Research, Tokyo
Japan

Kathryn North, PhD
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne
Australia

Kinji Ohno, MD, PhD
Nagoya University School, Department of Neurogenetics and Bioinformatics, Nagoya
Japan

Eric Olson, PhD
Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Molecular Biology, Dallas
USA

Bradley B. Olwin
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
USA

Gert-Jan van Ommen, PhD
LUMC, Department of Human Genetics, Leiden
The Netherlands

Davide Pareyson, MD
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Department of Neurology, Milan
Italy

Thomas A. Rando, MD, PhD
Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology & Neurological Sciences, Stanford
USA

Gina Ravenscroft, PhD
The University of Western Australia, Centre for Medical Research, Crawley
Australia

Mary Reilly, MD
UCL, Institute of Neurology, London
United Kingdom
    
Isabelle Richard, PhD
Généthon – CNRS UMR8115, "Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies" lab, Evry
France

Lisa G. Rider, MD
NIEHS/NIH, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA
USA

Richard Roxburgh, PhD, FRACP
Centre for Brain Research, University of Auckland
New Zealand

Vittorio Sartorelli, MD
NIH, Laboratory of Muscle Stem Cells and Gene Regulation, Bethesda
USA

Ulrike Schara
Neuropediatrics, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Essen
Germany

Jens Schmidt, MD
University Medical Center Göttingen, Department of Neuromuscular Diseases, Göttingen
Germany

Benedikt Schoser, MD
Friedrich-Baur-Institut, Department of Neurology, Munich
Germany

Duygu Selcen, MD
Mayo Clinic, Children's Center, Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Neurology, Jacksonville
USA

Jan Senderek, MD
Friedrich-Baur-Institut, Department for Neuromuscular Diseases, Munich
Germany

Michael E. Shy, MD
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Division of Neuromuscular Medicine, Neurology, Iowa City
USA

Werner Stenzel, MD
Charité – Universitätsmedizin, Department of Neuropathology, Berlin
Germany

Volker Straub, MD, PhD
University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle upon Tyne
United Kingdom

Maurice Swanson, PhD
University of Florida, Department of Molecular Genetics Microbiology, Gainesville
USA

Lee Sweeney, PhD
University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physiology, Pennsylvania
USA

Kathryn J. Swoboda, MD
University of Utah School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Salt Lake City
USA

Rabi N. Tawil, MD
University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rochester
USA

Charles A. Thornton, MD
University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rochester
USA

Vincent Timmerman, PhD
University of Antwerp, Department of Molecular Genetics, Antwerp
Belgium

Haluk Topaloglu, MD
Hacettepe University, Department of Pediatrics, Neurology, Ankara
Turkey
    
Antonio Toscano, MD
University of Messina, Department of Neurology, Messina
Italy

Doug Turnbull, MD
University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Wellcome Trust Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne
United Kingdom

Bjarne Udd, MD, PhD
Tampere University and University Hospital, Neuromuscular Center, Tampere
Finland

Jan Verschuuren, MD
LUMC, Department of Neurology, Leiden
The Netherlands

Angela Vincent, MBBS, (Hon PhD Bergen), FRCPath, FMedSci, FRS
University of Oxford, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Oxford
United Kingdom

John Vissing, MD
University of Copenhagen, Department of Neurology, Copenhagen
Denmark
    
Dominic Wells, VetMB, PhD, MRCVS, FHEA, FSB
The Royal Veterinary College, Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, London
United Kingdom

Hugh Willison, PhD
University of Glasgow, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, Glasgow
United Kingdom

Steve Wilton, PhD
The University of Western Australia, Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, Perth
Australia

Peter Zammit, PhD
King’s College London, Randall Division of Cell & Molecular Biophysics, London
United Kingdom

Massimo Zeviani, MD, PhD
The Foundation “Carlo Besta” Institute of Neurology – IRCCS, Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Milan
Italy

Author Guidelines

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT

PLEASE SUBMIT YOUR MANUSCRIPT HERE.

SUBMISSION POLICY

By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Any possible conflict of interest, financial or otherwise, related to the submitted work must be clearly indicated in the manuscript.

The article type (Research paper, Review paper, Editorial, Case Report, Letter to the Editor, etc) should be clearly mentioned in the cover letter to help the editorial process.

This journal operates with single-blind peer review. If the author prefers double-blind peer review, then please submit the manuscript excluding the author listing and make sure the document is anonymized, and list the authors and affiliations only in the cover letter for the Editor.

Note that the manuscript should be uploaded as one file with tables and figures included. This file can be a Word document, a PDF, or an embedded or zip file (.rar) if separate high resolution figures or a supplemental file such as a video are also to be included with the submission (the file size maximum for a video is 25MB). If the video is too large to submit, please contact jnd@iospress.com to arrange a file transfer. For further information about submitting supplementary data please scroll down the page to the header “Supplementary Material”.

Resubmissions should include the manuscript number in the cover letter. The author's replies to the reviewer comments should be included within the revised manuscript itself (at the top). The revised paper should always be a Word document.

ETHICS POLICIES AND PATIENT PERMISSIONS

Procedures involving experiments on human subjects should be in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. The author must state compliance in the cover letter and in the Methods section of the article.

Procedures involving experimentation on animal subjects should be in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the National Research Council’s guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. The author must state compliance in the cover letter and in the Methods section of the article.

Preferably patients in figures should be unrecognizable. Authors are responsible for obtaining patient permission for use of the material from all recognizable participants in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal or on the journal’s website. A statement that permission was granted by the patient must accompany the figure legend. Do not use study participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers anywhere in the manuscript (including figures).

PEER REVIEW POLICY

The Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases operates a rigorous, timely, blinded peer review process (with an option for double-blind if requested) by experts in the field. Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases will be assessed for suitability for publication in the journal by the Editors-in-Chief. Manuscripts that are deemed unsuitable may be rejected without peer review by the Editors-in-Chief and/or the Associate Editors, and the author will be informed as soon as possible. Manuscripts that are deemed suitable for peer review are forwarded to an Associate Editor with expertise in that area who then recruits appropriate anonymous referees (a minimum of two) for confidential review. Referee reports are then assessed by the Associate Editor, who makes a decision which is then subject to approval by the Editors-in-Chief. Once approved this decision is then conveyed to the author along with the referees’ anonymized reports.

The initial decision will be one of the following: rejection, acceptance without revision, or potentially acceptable after minor or major revisions. Revised manuscripts will be appraised by the Associate Editor, who may seek the opinion of referees (prior or new) before making a decision, which again is subject to approval of the Editors-in-Chief. Once approved, this decision is then conveyed to the author along with the anonymized referees’ reports. Once accepted, manuscripts are normally published on-line without delay and appear in the next available print issue (published quarterly).

The Editors-in-Chief have ultimate responsibility for what is published in the journal. Authors may appeal decisions by contacting the Editors-in-Chief (at jnd@iospress.com). Authors will be informed in writing of the result of their appeal.

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Research Reports

Organization and style of presentation

  1. Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts. Peerwith offers a language and copyediting service to all scientists who want to publish their manuscript in scientific peer-reviewed periodicals and books.
  2. Manuscripts should be double spaced throughout with wide margins (2.5 cm or 1 in), including the abstract and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should include a page number centered at the bottom. Do not number headings or subheadings (use all caps, italics, then underline). Footnotes should be avoided.
  3. There are no page or word limits for Research Reports but manuscripts over 10,000 words (Introduction through Discussion) should be approved by the Editor-in-Chief before submission.
  4. Manuscripts should be organized in the following order with headings and subheadings typed on a separate line, without indentation.

Title page
- Title (should be clear, descriptive and concise)
- Full name(s) of author(s)
- Full affiliation(s). Delineate affiliations with lowercase letters.
- Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
- Running title (45 characters or less, including spaces)
- Complete correspondence address, including telephone number, fax number and e-mail address

Leave the author information blank if double-blind peer review is wished for and anonymize your document, but do include the information in the cover letter.

Changes in Authorship

When submitting the manuscript the author listing and order should be final. If any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list does need to be made after submission, this can be done only before acceptance and with the Editor’s approval. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (1) the reason for the change in author list and (2) written confirmation from all authors, including the affected author, that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.

Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in an Erratum.

Abstract and Keywords
-The abstract for research papers should follow the "structured abstract" format:
BACKGROUND: 
OBJECTIVE:
METHODS: 
RESULTS:
CONCLUSIONS:
The abstract should try to be no longer than 250 words.
- For other papers such as Reviews, the abstract should be clear, descriptive, and self-explanatory, and no longer than 250 words.

- Include a list of 4-10 keywords. These keywords should be terms from the MeSH database.

- Note that ALL articles (except book reviews and letters to the editor) must include an abstract.

Introduction

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion

Acknowledgments including sources of support

Conflict of Interest
If there is no conflict of interest to declare, do still include this section and insert "The authors have no conflict of interest to report".

References
Authors are requested to use the Vancouver citation style. Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript. List the references in the order in which they appear in the text. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). If an article has a DOI, this should be provided after the page number details. The number is added after the letters 'doi'. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the Vancouver citation guidelines.

References must be listed in Vancouver style:
[1] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
[2] Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
[3] Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
[4] Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93-113.
[5] Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from: www.cancer.ca/.
[6] Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press 2002.
[7] Fletcher D, Wagstaff CRD. Organisational psychology in elite sport: its emergence, application and future. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2009;10(4):427-34. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.03.009.

Datasets and Data Articles

All datasets and data articles referenced in your manuscript should be cited in the main reference list of your article (not in a separate box or in the article text).

Tables
- Number according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
- Provide each table on a separate page of the manuscript after the references.
- Include a brief and self-explanatory title with any explanations essential to the understanding of the table given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.
- Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

- Citations in the tables should be numbered and included in the Reference list.

Figure Legends

The author is required to have obtained patient permission from all recognizable participants in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal or on the journal’s website. A statement that permission was granted by the patient must accompany the figure legend. Do not use study participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers in the legend, figure, or anywhere in the manuscript.

Figures
- Number the figures according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures.
- Figures should preferably be formatted in TIF or EPS format. JPG is also acceptable.
- Figures should be designed with the format of JHD in mind and preferable sized as they will appear when printed. A single column of the journal is 77mm and two columns are 165mm.
- Figures should be at 300 dpi or higher and be cropped to include the figure only (no blank space). CMYK is preferred for color figures.
- On figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales to avoid problems if the figure needs to be reduced.
- Each illustration should have a brief self-explanatory legend that should be typed separately from the figure in the section of the manuscript following the tables.
- Costs for color figures in the print version of the journal are as follows: 1 figure - 650 euro; 2 figures - 900 euro; 3 figures - 1050 euro; 4 figures - 1200 euro; 5 figures - 1350 euro. Cost for each additional color figure will be 150 euro. Color figures are free in the electronic version of the journal. You may opt to send in both black/white figures for print, and color figures for the online PDF (please adjust the figure legend appropriately).

Supplementary Data
Supplementary material is peer-reviewed material directly relevant to the conclusion of a paper that cannot be included in the printed version for reasons of space or medium (for example, movie clips or sound files). The supplement will be available for download from the publisher's content library site at the time of publication and will be made available in the format in which it was provided.

Supplementary material should be included at the end of the main manuscript at the time of submission. In the case of sound/movie files, these can be submitted separately to the Managing Editor (jnd@iospress.com) at the time of submission. Supplementary tables and figures must have a separate numbering system from that used for tables and figures that appear in the print version of the paper (the first figure displayed should be labeled "Supplementary Figure 1", the first table "Supplementary Table 1", and so on). References should also be cited in supplements started with [1] and listed separately.

Supplementary files are limited to 10MB, except videos which can be up to 25MB.

Supplementary material for Short Communications is limited to 500 words and 1 table or figure.

Reviews
Reviews should be authoritative and topical and provide comprehensive and balanced coverage of a timely and/or controversial issue. Reviews should be prepared as detailed above for a Research Report, omitting Introduction through Discussion, and include a conclusion. An abstract must also be included. The length of the review article is at the discretion of the author but should be within reasonable limits. The Editor-in-Chief can be consulted regarding reviews of unusual length.

Systematic reviews or meta-analyses that include a methods section are typically considered as a Research report and should be formatted as such.

Short Communications
A short communication is an article of original scholarship of unusual interest of less than 1500 words (not including references). An abstract of 100 words or less should be included with no subdivison of text into sections. References should be formatted as above. A total of two tables and/or figures are allowed.

Hypotheses
A hypothesis article should be a balanced and insightful consideration of a topic with novel hypotheses well presented and supported. The article should be prepared as a Research Report but without Methods or Results sections.

Book Reviews
Book reviews should be 750 words or less and without sections. Suggestions can be proposed to the Editors-in-Chief.

Letters to the Editor
Authors can submit comments of 1000 words or less concerning prior articles published in JHD to the Editors-in-Chief through the Editorial Office (jnd@iospress.com).

Commentaries
Commentaries can be around 1000 words with an abstract and no other subdivisions.

REMEMBER TO INCLUDE

In cover letter:
-
Name, postal address, phone number, fax number and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
- Name of an Associate Editor with expertise in the area of the study (if no Associate Editor is suitable, the Editorial Office will handle the submission).
- Statement that all authors have contributed to the work, agree with the presented findings, and that the work has not been published before nor is being considered for publication in another journal.
- A list of at least 4-6 potential reviewers knowledgeable in the area of the study and potential reviewer conflicts.
- Statement that procedures involving experiments on human subjects are done in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975.
- Statement that procedures involving experimentation on animal subjects are done in accord with either the guide of the institution in which the experiments were done, or with the National Research Council's guide for the care and use of laboratory animals.

In manuscript:
-
Compliance with guidelines on human experimentation as well as protocol approval by a local Institutional Review Board should be specified.
- Compliance with guidelines of animal experimentation as well as protocol approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee should be specified.
- Statement of all financial and material support for this research and any potential conflicts should also be clearly identified in the the acknowledgment and Conflict of Interest sections. If there is no Conflict-of-Interest then still add this statement.

Resubmissions
Resubmissions should include the manuscript number and a reference that the paper is a revision. The point-by-point response to the previous reviews should be included at the top of the manuscript. 

Financial Disclosure
All affiliations with or financial involvement (e.g., employment, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, grants or patents received or pending, royalties) with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or in financial competition with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript are completely disclosed in the letter of submission.

All financial and material support for this research and work are clearly identified in the manuscript including listing of support specified in the letter of submission that might constitute or give the appearance of influencing the findings, based on the judgment of the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with the Associate Editor handling the review of the manuscript.

PRE-PRESS AND PROOFS

Accepted articles will be placed online as "pre-press" articles shortly after acceptance. This process will occur before the author receives proofs. The pre-press file will remain as the uncorrected proof version until the article is published in an issue and the final published version replaces the pre-press file.

The corresponding author will receive a pdf proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

OPEN ACCESS

Gold Open Access Publishing (Open Access Option)

The open access option helps authors to comply with major funder mandates. This option allows authors the choice of paying a fee to make their article publicly available on the journal’s website immediately upon publication. The publisher will also deposit the final, published version of the open access article into PubMed Central within a month of the final publication. All open access articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC).

The journal is compliant to publish articles funded by Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust, which are under mandate to publish under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). After acceptance of the article, the author can select the preferred CC BY license in the provided open access payment form, which is linked in the acceptance letter. An extra fee applies for CC BY publications.

Green Open Access Publishing (Self-Archiving)

Authors who do not select open access publication may self-archive and post the final manuscript version on their own institution, company or funding agency repositories immediately upon acceptance. Authors that are funded by the NIH, Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust are welcome to deposit their final manuscript version to PubMed Central (Submission Method C) and Europe PubMed Central immediately upon acceptance. In all cases a publication reference and URL to the journal’s website must be provided on the first page of the manuscript.

Alternatively, the author can submit the final published pdf version of the article, which can be ordered from IOS Press. This service costs €150/US$170 and an order form will be sent with the galley proof of the article to the corresponding author. Ordered PDFs will be sent to the author after final publication of the article in an issue. IOS Press holds to no embargo period after final publication. Orders for a PDF of published articles can also be sent to order@iospress.nl.

See also the IOS Press Open Library for more information about open access options and you can check if there are any institutional agreements that you might be eligible for.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright of your article
Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

Quoting from other publications
An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing figures or table from a book or journal article, should make sure that he is not infringing a copyright. Although in general an author may quote from other published works, he should obtain permission from the holder of the copyright if he wishes to make substantial extracts or to reproduce tables, plates or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.

COMPLIMENTARY COPY AND PURCHASE

Complimentary copy
The corresponding author of a contribution to this journal will receive a PDF copy of their published article on release.

How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books
An order form for reprints, additional journal copies or a non-watermarked PDF file will be provided along with the PDF proof.

If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 6870039. Email: editorial@iospress.nl.

An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's Discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.

HOW TO PROMOTE YOUR WORK

Would you like some pointers on how to help your research achieve a wider reach and greater impact? Please consult our Promotional Toolkit for Authors for tips.

Abstracted/Indexed in

Embase
Google Scholar
MEDLINE
Pubmed
PubmedCentral
Scopus
Web of Science: Science Citation Index Expanded

Extra

Social Media & New Sign Ups – The Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases (JND) is on Facebook and Twitter, with social media editors Dr. Grace McMacken and Dr. Emily O'Connorat the helm. Be sure to follow us and be part of the conversation! If you are not already signed up to the JND newsletter, you can do so via this link tiny.cc/JNDsignup. We send mailings with details of for new JND issues, plus other related news. You can read the latest newsletter here.

Science Citation Index-Expanded – As of June 2021, JND is covered in the Science Citation Index-Expanded category in the Web of Science, which will provide greater discoverability for JND articles leading to measurable citations and the journal’s first impact factor in 2022.

Partnership with TNMD – As of December 2017, a new partnership was announced between JND and TREAT-NMD (treat-nmd.eu), a network for the neuromuscular field. The partnership ensures both teams will work together to give a platform to the latest developments in neuromuscular diseases research. TREAT-NMD members are eligible to receive a 20% discount to an individual yearly subscription to JND, as well as a 10% discount on the optional open access fee for accepted papers. For more details, contact the editorial office (email: jnd@iospress.com). 

JND accepted for inclusion in PubMed (MEDLINE) – As of November 2016, the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases was selected for inclusion in MEDLINE, the largest component of PubMed. MEDLINE is searchable for free using PubMed at pubmed.gov. Citations and abstracts for articles published in the journal going back to Vol.1, Iss.1 are available in the PubMed database..

Why publish in JND? – Low open access fee: JND offers an optional open access fee of $1450/EUR1250. JND is fully compliant to funding agencies’ mandates, and open access articles are automatically uploaded to PubMed Central. JND offers rigorous peer review and has a rapid handling turn-around time of 35 days from receipt to to first decision. The Editors do their best to get you the result to your article’s review as soon as possible. If your article is accepted it will be in our online contents and visible in PubMed within 3 weeks, and published in an issue at a minimum of 1 month and a maximum of 4 months.

JND sign-up-for-news banner

JND special issue banner