Isokinetics and Exercise Science

Impact Factor


32, 4 issues

Latest issue

32:3 online 25 June 2024

Next issue

32:4 scheduled for September 2024

Back volumes

From volume 1, 1991

ISSN print


ISSN online


Aims & Scope

Isokinetics and Exercise Science (IES) is an international journal devoted to the study of theoretical and applied aspects of human muscle performance on one hand and of exercise, in the broader sense, on the other. Since isokinetic dynamometry constitutes the major tool in this area, the journal takes a particular interest in exploring the considerable potential of this technology.

IES publishes methodological and interventional studies, putting special emphasis on reproducibility and validity issues and applications in basic research topics such as motor learning paradigms and electromyography and clinical applications.

The journal welcomes submissions in the form of research papers, reviews, case studies and technical reports from professionals in the fields of sports medicine, therapeutic exercise and exercise physiology.

Editorial Board


Prof. Zeevi Dvir
Department of Physical Therapy
Sackler Faculty of Medicine
Tel Aviv University

P.O. Box 39040, Ramat Aviv
69978 Tel Aviv

Tel.: +972 3 640 9019
Fax:+972 3 640 9223

Editorial Board

Vassilius Baltzopoulos, PhD
John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Sigal Ben-Zaken, PhD
The Zinmann College, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel

Rodrigo Bini, PhD, AES (ESSA)
Exercise Science
College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia

Richard Bohannon, EdD
Physical Therapy
Physical Therapy Consultants, Fuquay-Varina, NC, USA

Sven Bruhn, PhD
Sport Science
Institute for Sports Science, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Jan Cabri, PhD
Sport Science
Luxembourg Institute of Research in Orthopedics, Sports Medicine and Science, Luxemburg

John Caruso, PhD
Strength & Conditioning
University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

Joaquim Chaler, MD, PhD
Rehabilitation Medicine
PM&R Department, Mutua Terrassa Rehabilitation Hospital, Terrassa, Spain

Nicholas C. Clark, PhD
Sport Science
Essex University, Essex, United Kingdom

Jean-Louis Croisier, PhD
Physical Therapy
Dept. of Human Movement Sciences, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium

Francis Degache, PhD
Physical Therapy
ISSUL Institute of Sport Sciences, Dept. of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Franca Deriu, MD, PhD
Dept. of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Nick Draper, PhD
Sport Science
University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

Pascal Edouard, MD, PhD
Sports Medicine
Dept. of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, University Hospital of St. Etienne, St. Etienne, France

Tilman Engel, PhD
Exercise Science
Center of Sports Medicine, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany

Steven Eustace, PhD
Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom

Bareket Falk
Department of Kinesiology, Brock University 
St. Catharines, Canada

Michael Fish, PhD
Sport Science
Division of Health and Wellbeing, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, United Kingdom

Simon M. Fryer, PhD
Sport Science
University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom

Weijie Fu, PhD
Sport Science
Sports Biomechanics Research Center, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China

H.-C. Heitkamp, MD
Exercise Physiology
Institute of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Science, University of Paderborn, Paderborn, Germany

Glyn Howatson, PhD
Sport Science
Dept. Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle, United Kingdom

Jayden Hunter, PhD, ESSAM AEP
Exercise Physiology
La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Australia

Omri Inbar, EdD
Exercise Physiology
Department of Research, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel

Jennifer Keating, PhD
Physical Therapy
Dept. of Physical Therapy, Monash University, Bundoora, Australia

Ayse Kin Isler, PhD
Exercise Science
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Eleftherios Kellis, PhD
Dept. of Physical Education and Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Serres, Greece

Feza Korkusuz, MD
Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Jan Lexell, MD, PhD
Rehabilitation Medicine
Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Dario Lieberman, PhD
Dept. of Physical Therapy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Wootaek Lim, PhD
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare
Woosong University, Daejeon, South Korea

Noriaki Maeda, PhD
Sport Science
Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan

Nicola A. Maffiuletti, PhD
Physical Therapy
Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland

Andrea Manca, PhD
Dept. of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Wollner Materko, DSc
Exercise Physiology, Neuroscience
Universidade Federal do Amapá, Macapá, AP, Brazil

Joshua Mattock, PhD
Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Medicine & Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia

Frank Mayer, MD
Human Movement Science Faculty, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany

David McGhie, PhD
Sport Science
Nord University, Levanger, Norway

Alison McGregor, PhD
Exercise Science
Dept. of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Prof. Vladimir Medved, PhDEE
Electrical Engineering
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Steffen Müller, PhD
Exercise Science
Hochschule Trier, Trier, Germany

Jaeseop Oh, PhD, PT
Physical Therapy
Inje University, Gimhae, Republic of Korea

Evangelos Pappas, PhD
Physical Therapy
University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia

Jason Pedley, PhD
Strength & Conditioning
Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

David Perrin, PhD
Exercise Science
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Pierre Portero, PhD
Physical Therapy
Dept. of Sport Sciences, University of Paris VIII and Hôpital Rothschild, Paris, France

Sergi Garcia Retortillo, PhD
Exercise Physiology
School for Health and Sport, University of Girona, Girona, Spain

Marcelo Riberto, PhD
Rehabilitation Medicine
Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

Lucie Risch, PhD
Physical Therapy
Center of Sports Medicine, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany

Blanca Roman Viñas, MD, PhD
Sports Medicine
University of Girona, Girona, Spain

Cassio V. Ruas, PhD
Strength & Conditioning
Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia

Andreas Schlumberger, PhD
Strength & Conditioning
Liverpool Football Club, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Justin Sullivan, PhD
Physical Therapy
University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

T. Brock Symons, PhD
Exercise Physiology
Department of Counseling, Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, San Antonio, TX, USA

Luigi Tesio, MD
Rehabilitation Medicine
Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Gökhan Umutlu, PhD
Exercise Science
School of Physical Education and Sports, Final International University, Kyrenia, Northern Cyprus

Author Guidelines


By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically to the journal’s editorial management system: The manuscript should be uploaded as one file with tables and figures included at the end. Authors are required to submit a word processor file of the manuscript, such as Word or LateX (if using LaTeX, please use the standard article.sty as a style file and also send a PDF version of the LaTeX file). When submitting a revised paper, please include a tracked and a clean version.

Please be sure to read carefully the section “Preparation of manuscripts” below.

Publication Fee
When an article is accepted for publication, authors are required to pay a publication fee of €400 / US$400.


Organization of the paper and style of presentation
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts.

Manuscripts should be prepared with wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

Manuscripts should adhere to the EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines relevant to the research design, and be organized in the following order:
- Title page
- Body of text (divided by subheadings)
- Acknowledgements
- Author Contributions
- Ethical Considerations
- Conflict of Interest
- Funding
- References
- Tables
- Figure captions
- Figures

Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

Numbers should appear with decimal point, not comma: 12.3, not 12,3

SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

The main outcome measure in angular isokinetic dynamometry is the Moment (not torque) from which the peak moment, expressed in Nm, is derived. Likewise, the main outcome measure in linear or quasi-linear isokinetic dynamometry is the Force, from which the peak force, expressed in N, is derived.

When referring to 'time' please use e.g. 5-s, not 5 seconds, 3-min, not 3 minutes, 1-h, not 1 hour and 2-d, not 2 days. Weight should be quoted in kgf, while mass, in kg.

Please note:

  1. While the journal welcomes papers dealing with the reproducibility of measurements derived from novel devices or test protocols, the number of participants should not be less than 30. Several reproducibility parameters such as the SEM, the SRD and CV% should be used in order to provide as comprehensive a picture as possible.
  2. Where relevant, Effect Size should be quoted
  3. In muscle performance studies, especially where strength is the main outcome factor, pooling of genders is strictly unacceptable. When strength ratios are quoted, pooling may be allowed as long as it is physiologically and statistically valid    

Title page
The title page should provide the following information:
- Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
- Name(s) of author(s) without abbreviation; please indicate who is the corresponding author
- Full affiliation(s)
- Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
- Complete address of corresponding author, including telephone number and e-mail address
- Abstract
- Keywords

The abstract should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services.
The abstract for research papers should follow the “structured abstract” format. Section labels should be in bold uppercase letters followed by a colon, and each section will begin on a new line.

Materials and Methods

Experimental subjects
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Number figures as Fig. 1, Fig 2, etc. and refer to all of them in the text.

Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. Figures should not be included in the text.

Color figures can be included in the print version, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. The online version has no extra charges for color figures.

For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:
- line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF
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- do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
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On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.

Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.

Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.

If there are none, do still include this section and insert "The authors have no acknowledgments".

Author contributions
For every author, his or her contribution to the manuscript needs to be provided using the following categories:

Please read the IOS Press authorship policy for further information.

Ethical considerations
IOS Press has adopted Sage’s Publication ethics policies.  Please go to:  
Publication ethics and research integrity: policy guidelines for authors | SAGE Publications Ltd for details.

Conflict of interest
Statement of all financial and material support for this research and any potential conflicts should also be clearly identified. From October 2021, (co-)authors who are members of the Editorial Board should disclose this information in this section.
If there is no Conflict of interest then still state that “The authors have no conflicts of interest to report”.

Specify sources of funding.
If there are none, do still include this section and insert "The authors report no funding".

Supplementary data
If there is an online dataset associated with the paper, you are welcome to provide information about where the data supporting the results or analyses presented in the paper can be found. Where applicable, this should include the hyperlink, DOI, or other identifier associated with the dataset(s).

Authors are requested to use the Vancouver citation style.

Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript. List the references in the order in which they appear in the text. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). If an article has a DOI, this should be provided after the page number details. The number is added after the letters 'doi'. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the Vancouver citation guidelines.

References must be listed in Vancouver style:

[1] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935(12): 406. doi:
[2] Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
[3] Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
[4] Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93113.
[5] Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from:

Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text.
If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.


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Open Access

By default, articles published in Isokinetics and Exercise Science are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

Gold open access pricing
Authors who choose gold open access publication will be subject to an article publication charge of €1500 / US$1500 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or €2150 / US$2150 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

Green open access
Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.

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This journal deposits all open access articles in PubMedCentral (PMC) as part of the IOS Press Open Library, but can only do so if the article received NIH funding or if any of the authors are NIH, or associated partners, employees. Please refer to the PMC Funder Deposit List at the NIH Public Access Policy for details.

Peer Review Policy

Isokinetics and Exercise Science is a peer-reviewed journal. Articles submitted to the journal undergo a single blind peer review process. This means that the identity of the authors is known to the reviewers but the identity of the reviewers is not communicated to the authors. Please visit our reviewer guidelines for further information about how to conduct a review.

After automatic plagiarism screening through iThenticate, all submitted manuscripts are subjected to initial appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief and, if found suitable for further consideration, to rigorous peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. Reasons to reject a paper in the pre-screening process could for example be because the work does not fall within the aims and scope, the writing is of poor quality, the instructions to authors were not followed or the presented work is not novel.

Papers deemed suitable to the journal will be forwarded to two reviewers. Reviewers are asked to excuse themselves from reviewing a submission if a conflict makes them unable to make an impartial scientific judgment or evaluation. Conflicts of interest include but are not limited to: collaboration with the authors in the past three years; any professional or financial affiliations that may be perceived as a conflict of interest; a history of personal differences with the author(s). The Editor-in-Chief strives to ensure a typical turnaround time of 3 months.

Reviewers are asked to judge a paper on at least:

  • Significance to field
  • Relevance to journal
  • Methodology
  • Data analysis
  • Literature review
  • Writing style/clarity

Based on the received reviews the Editor-in-Chief will write a decision letter:

  1. Accept
  2. Minor revisions required
  3. Major revisions required
  4. Revise and resubmit
  5. Reject

They mean the following:

  1. The manuscript is suitable for publication and only requires minor polishing; thus, no further reviews are requested.
  2. The authors are required to make moderate changes to their manuscript. The manuscript becomes acceptable for publication if the changes proposed by the reviewers and editors are successfully addressed. The revised manuscript will be examined by the Editor-in-Chief and possibly sent back to all (or a selection of) reviewers for a second round of reviews. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  3. The manuscript cannot be accepted for publication in its current form. However, a major revision addressing all issues raised by the reviewers may be acceptable for publication. The revised manuscript will undergo a full second round of review. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  4. In its current form, the manuscript is not suitable for publication. A resubmission would require substantial revisions and is only encouraged in special cases. The resubmitted manuscript will be considered as a new submission.
  5. The manuscript is rejected as it is deemed to be out of scope, not relevant, or not meeting the journal’s quality standards in terms of significance, novelty, and/or presentation.

Authors are notified by the Editor-in-Chief, whose decision is final.

In-house submissions are subjected to the peer review process described above. Co-authors who are also members of the Editorial Board are not involved in any way with the peer review process of articles of their (co-)authorship, and are asked to disclose this information in the section conflict of interest.

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