Intelligenza Artificiale

The international journal of the AIxIA

Impact Factor


18, 2 issues

Latest issue

17:2 online 22 December 2023

Next issue

18:1 scheduled for June 2024

Back volumes

From volume 5, 2011

ISSN print


ISSN online


Aims & Scope

Intelligenza Artificiale is the official journal of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence (AIxIA). Intelligenza Artificiale publishes rigorously reviewed articles (in English) in all areas of Artificial Intelligence, with a special attention to original contributions. It will also publish assessments of the state of the art in various areas of AI, and innovative system descriptions with appropriate evaluation.

The Editor-in-Chief welcomes proposals for special issues, book reviews, conference reports and news items of interest to the AI research community. Intelligenza Artificiale is an international journal and welcomes submissions from every country.

Editorial Board


Fabrizio Riguzzi
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
University of Ferrara

Via Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy

Associate Editors

Matteo Baldoni
University of Turin
Turin, Italy

Roberto Pirrone
University of Palermo
Palermo, Italy

Editorial Board

Annalisa Appice
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Cristina Baroglio
University of Turin
Turin, Italy

Maria Teresa Basile
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Roberto Basili
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Rome, Italy

Elena Bellodi
University of Ferrara
Ferrara, Italy

Stefano Bistarelli
University of Perugia
Perugia, Italy

Guy van den Broeck
University of California
Los Angeles, USA

Antonio Camurri
University of Genoa
Genoa, Italy

Michelangelo Ceci
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Federico Chesani
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy

Nicola Fanizzi
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Stefano Ferilli
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Fabio Fioravanti
University of Chieti-Pescara
Pescara, Italy

Paul Fodor
Stony Brook University
Stony Brook, USA

Andrea Formisano
University of Udine
Udine, Italy

Giorgio Fumera
University of Cagliari
Cagliari, Italy

Claudio Gallicchio
University of Pisa
Pisa, Italy

Nicola Gatti
Polytechnic University of Milan
Milan, Italy

Marco Gavanelli
University of Ferrara
Ferrara, Italy

Chiara Ghidini
Trento, Italy

Gianluigi Greco
University of Calabria
Rende, Italy

Luca Iocchi
Sapienza University of Rome
Rome, Italy

Zeynep Kiziltan
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy

Evelina Lamma
University of Ferrara
Ferrara, Italy

Maurizio Lenzerini
Sapienza University of Rome
Rome, Italy

Nicola Leone
University of Calabria
Rende, Italy

Francesca Alessandra Lisi
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Michele Lombardi
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy

Vincenzo Lomonaco
University of Pisa
Pisa, Italy

Toni Mancini
Sapienza University of Rome
Rome, Italy

Marco Maratea
University of Genova
Genova, Italy

Viviana Mascardi
University of Genova
Genova, Italy

Nicola di Mauro
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Emanuele Menegatti
University of Padua
Padua, Italy

Alessio Micheli
University of Pisa
Pisa, Italy

Marco Montali
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
Bolzano, Italy

Cataldo Musto
University of Bari Aldo Moro
Bari, Italy

Daniele Nardi
Sapienza University of Rome
Rome, Italy

Nicolo' Navarin
University of Padua
Padua, Italy

Roberto Navigli
Sapienza University of Rome
Rome, Italy

Angelo Oddi
Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies
Rome, Italy

Andrea Omicini
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy

Andrea Orlandini
Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies
Rome, Italy

Francesco Parisi
University of Calabria
Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy

Viviana Patti
University of Turin
Turin, Italy

Rafael Penaloza Nyssen
University of Milano-Bicocca
Milano, Italy

Mirko Polato
University of Turin
Turin, Italy

Gian Luca Pozzato
University of Turin
Turin, Italy

Valentina Presutti
Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies
Rome, Italy

Marcello Restelli
Polytechnic University of Milan
Milan, Italy

Kate Revoredo
Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Francesco Ricca
University of Calabria
Rende, Italy

Andrea Roli
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy

Salvatore Ruggieri
University of Pisa
Pisa, Italy

Alessandro Saetti
University of Brescia
Brescia, Italy

Lorenza Saitta
University of Eastern Piedmont
Alessandria, Italy

Daniele Francesco Santamaria
University of Catania
Catania, Italy

Paolo Torroni
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy

Joost Vennekens
University of Leuven
Leuven, Belgium

Riccardo Zese
University of Ferrara
Ferrara, Italy

Author Guidelines


By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

To submit your manuscript please visit Please see below for instructions regarding preparation of the manuscript.

Please note that papers to be considered for publication must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts. Papers may be rejected if the English is poor or there are errors present.

Required files
For first submission a PDF version of a paper is sufficient. When submitting a revision the authors should submit the final version as source files. This can be a word processor file of the text such as Ms Word or LaTeX. When using LaTeX please use our LaTeX template and include a compiled pdf output of the paper, as well as all files necessary to compile the paper. When using MsWord please use our word template.

Colour figures
It is possible to have figures printed in colour, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. See Preparation of Manuscripts for the required file formats.

Publication costs
There are no costs associated to publishing an article in Intelligenza Artificiale, it is free of any charge.

Open Access option
The IOS Press Open Library offers authors an Open Access (OA) option. By selecting the OA option, the article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. In the Open Library the article processing charges are paid in the form of an Open Access Fee. Authors will receive an Open Access Order Form upon acceptance of their article. Open Access is entirely optional.
See also our website for more information about this option IOS Press Open Library


Organization of the paper and style of presentation
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to consult a professional English language editing service or a native English speaker prior to submission.

Manuscripts should be prepared with wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

  • Title page
  • Body of text (divided by subheadings, including figures and tables roughly at the location where they are referenced)
  • Funding statement (if applicable)
  • Conflict of interest statement (also declare in case there are no conflicts of interest to report)
  • Acknowledgements (if applicable)
  • References

Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

Title page
The title page should provide the following information:

  • Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
  • Name(s) of author(s); please indicate who is the corresponding author
  • Full affiliation(s)
  • Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
  • Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., fax no. and e-mail address
  • Abstract; should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services
  • Keywords
  • Author contributions
    IOS Press has adopted Sage’s Authorship Policy.  Please go to:  Authorship guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details.

    Number as Table 1, Table 2 etc, and refer to all of them in the text.

    Please include tables within the manuscript itself, roughly at the position where they are first referenced in the text. Do not use references in the text in the form "the table below indicates" or "in the table above" because the positioning of the table may change during the typesetting phase.

    Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.

    Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.

    Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

    Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.


    Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in an alphabetical list of references at the end of the manuscript in the following style:

    [1] B. Newman and E.T. Liu, Perspective on BRCA1, Breast Disease 10 (1998), 3-10.
    [2] D.F. Pilkey, Happy conservation laws, in: Neural Stresses, J. Frost, ed., Controlled Press, Georgia, 1995, pp. 332-391.
    [3] E. Wilson, Active vibration analysis of thin-walled beams, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1991.

    Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text.

    • If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.


    Number figures as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc and refer to all of them in the text.

    Each figure can be included within the main text, roughly at the position where they are first mentioned in the text. Do not use references in the text in the form "the figure below indicates" or "in the figure above" because the positioning of the figure may change during the typesetting phase. All figures must be mentioned in the text and all figures must have a figure caption.

    Colour figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author.

    For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:

  • Line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF
  • Grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff
  • Do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
  • Do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing
  • Do not use colour in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is colour, you should change the settings)
  • For figures that should be printed in colour, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF
  • Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.

    On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.

    Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption which should be included below the figure.

    Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.


    Copyright of your article
    Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

    Article sharing
    IOS Press adopted Sage’s Article Sharing Policy from 8th of July 2024. 
    Please go to:  Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details. If your manuscript was submitted prior to 8th of July 2024, please contact with details of your enquiry.


    The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

    The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module shortly after the proof is created and author corrections are implemented. This is not the final version. As soon as the article is assigned to an issue, the final bibliographic information will be added and the pre-press file will be replaced by the updated, final version. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number.


    How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books
    The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof.

    If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email:

    An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.


    Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


    Would you like some pointers on how to help your research achieve a wider reach and greater impact? Please consult our Promotional Toolkit for Authors for tips.

    Please visit the IOS Press Authors page for further information.

    Abstracted/Indexed in

    DBLP Bibliography Server
    Microsoft Academic Search
    Web of Science: Emerging Sources Citation Index

    Open Access

    By default, articles published in Intelligenza Artificiale are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

    Gold open access pricing
    Authors who choose gold open access publication will be subject to an article publication charge of € 1250 / US$ 1450 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or € 1850 / US$ 2080 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

    Green open access
    Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.

    Intelligenza Artificiale Peer Review Policy

    Intelligenza Artificiale is a peer-reviewed journal. All articles submitted to the journal undergo a single blind peer review process. This means that the identity of the authors is known with the reviewers but the identity of the reviewers is not communicated to the authors. Please visit our reviewer guidelines for further information about how to conduct a review.

    After automatic plagiarism screening through iThenticate, all submitted manuscripts are subjected to initial appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief and, if found suitable for further consideration, to rigorous peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. Reasons to reject a paper in the pre-screening process could for example be because the work does not fall within the aims and scope, the writing is of poor quality, the instructions to authors were not followed or the presented work is not novel. These papers are typically desk rejected within a week after submission.

    Papers deemed suitable to be reviewed will be assigned a handling editor. The handling editor will then invite reviewers to comment on the work. Typically decisions are based on three reviews, in some circumstances a minimum of two reviews may be deemed sufficient to make a decision on a paper. The Editor-in-Chief strives to ensure a typical turnaround time of 6 to 8 weeks from submission until a decision is communicated.

    Reviewers are asked to judge a paper on at least:

    • Originality, novelty and significance of results
    • Technical quality of work
    • Comprehensibility and presentation of the paper
    • Overall impression

    Based on the received reviews the handling editor will propose to the Editor-in-Chief a recommendation:

    1. Accept as is
    2. Accepted pending minor revisions
    3. Revise and resubmit pending major revisions
    4. Reject

    They mean the following:

    1. Accept as is: The manuscript is suitable for publication and only requires minor polishing; thus, no further reviews are requested.
    2. Accepted pending minor revisions: The authors are required to make moderate changes to their manuscript. The manuscript becomes acceptable for publication if the changes proposed by the reviewers and editors are successfully addressed. The revised manuscript will be examined by the Editor-in-Chief and possibly sent back to all (or a selection of) reviewers for a second round of reviews. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
    3. Revise and resubmit pending major revisions: The manuscript cannot be accepted for publication in its current form. However, a major revision which addresses all issues raised by the reviewers may be acceptable for publication. The revised manuscript will undergo a full second round of review. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission. The paper may still be rejected if the concerns are not adequately addressed in a revision.
    4. Reject: The manuscript is rejected as it is deemed to be out of scope, not relevant, or not meeting the journal’s quality standards in terms of significance, novelty, and/or presentation.

    Authors are notified by the Editor-in-Chief, whose decision is final.


    Newsletter: Be sure to sign up to the IA newsletter to receive alerts of new issues and other journal news. Sign up via this link:

    Latest Newsletter: You can view the latest newsletter here

    Sustainable Development Goals

    The content of this journal relates to SDG:

    sdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbol

    Visit the SDG page for more information.