Intelligent Decision Technologies

An International Journal

Impact Factor


18, 4 issues

Latest issue

18:2 online 18 June 2024

Next issue

18:3 scheduled for September 2024

Back volumes

From volume 1, 2007

ISSN print


ISSN online


Aims & Scope

A refereed international scholarly journal, Intelligent Decision Technologies (IDT) welcomes original research contributions on the fundamental concepts and applications of intelligent systems that support decision making. Manuscripts are published on such diverse areas as artificial intelligence, fuzzy techniques, genetic algorithms, intelligent agents, multi-agent systems, cognitive science, mathematical modeling, neural systems/neural networks, computer-supported cooperative work, geographic information systems, user interface management systems, informatics, knowledge representation, applications of intelligent systems and others.

The field of intelligent decision technologies is interdisciplinary in nature, bridging computer science with its development of artificial intelligence, information systems with its development of decision support systems, and engineering with its development of systems. IDT seeks to attract research that is focused on applied technology while exploring its development at a fundamental level. IDT seeks an interchange of research on intelligent systems and intelligent technologies which enhance or improve decision-making in industry, government and academia. IDT publishes research on all aspects of intelligent decision technologies, from fundamental development to the applied system. The journal is concerned with theory, design, development, implementation, testing and evaluation of intelligent decision systems that have the potential to support decision making in the areas of management, international business, finance, accounting, marketing, healthcare, military applications, production, networks, traffic management, crisis response, human interfaces and other applied fields.

The target audience is researchers in computer science, business, commerce, health science, management, engineering and information systems that develop and apply intelligent decision technologies. Authors are invited to submit original unpublished work that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Editorial Board


Prof. Dr. George A. Tsihrintzis
Department of Informatics
University of Piraeus

Piraeus 185 34, Greece

Prof. Dr. Gloria Phillips-Wren
Information Systems and Operations Management
The Sellinger School of Business and Management
Loyola University Maryland

4501 North Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21210, USA

Prof. Dr. Lakhmi C. Jain
Founder KES International
PO Box 243
Selby Y08 1DS, UK


Adjunct Professor
Faculty of Education, Science, Technology and Mathematics
University of Canberra
Canberra, ACT 2601, United Kingdom

Honorary Editor

Dr. Robert Howlett
KES International
United Kingdom

Assistant to the Editor

Dimitrios P. Panagoulias
Department of Informatics
University of Piraeus, Greece

Associate Editors

Dr. Bahman Arasteh Abbasabad
Department of Software Engineering
Istinye University, Turkey

Dr. Leonidas Akritidis
School of Science and Technology
International Hellenic University Thessaloniki, Greece

Prof. Dr. Miltiadis Alamaniotis
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
University of Texas at San Antonio, USA

Prof. Valentina Emilia Balas
Department of Automation and Applied Informatics
Faculty of Engineering, "Aurel Vlaicu" University of Arad, Romania

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Habil. Smaranda Belciug
Department of Computer Science
University of Craiova, Romania

Prof. Dr. Sheryl Brahnam
Computer Information Systems
Missouri State University, USA

Prof. Dr. Anna Esposito
Second University of Naples, Italy

Prof. Margarita Favorskaya
Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications
Siberian State Aerospace University, Russia

Dr. Steven Fernandes
Creighton University, USA

Dr. Deepak Gupta
Computer Science and Engineering
Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, India

Prof. Dr. Mirjana Ivanovic
Faculty of Science
Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Chair of Computer Science
University of Novi Sad, Serbia

Dr. Farah Jemili
University of Sousse, Tunisia

Prof. Dr. Nikos Karacapilidis
University of Patras, Greece

Dr. Chairi Kiourt
Institute for Language and Speech Processing
Athena Research Center, Greece

Prof. Dr. Fumihiro Kumeno
Department of Information Technology and Media Design
Nippon Institute of Technology, Japan

Prof. Dr. Vangelis Marinakis
Decision Support Systems Lab
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering National Technical University of Athens
Athens, Greece

Prof. Dr. Manuel Mora
Information Systems Department
Autonomous University of Aguascalientes, Mexico

Dr. Achyut Shankar
University of Warwick, UK

Prof. Dr. Milan Simic
Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Bundoora Campus, RMIT University, Australia

Prof. Dr. Vassilios Verykios
School of Science and Technology
Hellenic Open University, Greece

Prof. Dr. Guiwu Wei
School of Business
Sichuan Normal University, China

Dr. Sergey Zykov
Faculty of Computer Science
Department of Software Engineering
National Research University 'Higher School of Economics', Russia

Advisory Board

Prof. Dr. Animesh Adhikari
Department of Computer Science
Parvatibai Chowgule College, India

Prof. Dr. William Chu
Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
Tunghai University, Taiwan

Prof. Philippe De Wilde
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot Watt University, UK

Prof. Dr. Roumen Kountchev
Department of Radio Communications and Video Technologies
Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria

Prof. Ignac Lovrek, Ph.D.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing
University of Zagreb, Croatia

Prof. Ivan Luković
Faculty of Technical Sciences
Computing and Control Department, Chair for Applied Computer Science
University of Novi Sad, Serbia

Prof. Dr. Vasile Palade
Faculty of Engineering and Computing
Coventry University, UK

Prof. James F. Peters
Computational Intelligence Laboratory
ECE Department University of Manitoba, Canada

Prof. Dharmendra Sharma
Faculty of Education, Science
Technology & MathematicsUniversity of Canberra, Australia

Prof. Barry G. Silverman
Professor of Systems Science and Engineering
Hayden Hall (Room 120), University of Pennsylvania, USA

Prof. Gheorghe Tecuci
Learning Agents Center
The Volgenau School of Engineering
George Mason University, USA

Prof. Dr. Eiji Uchino
Mathematics and Complex Systems Science
Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Japan

Prof. Maria Virvou
Department of Informatics
University of Piraeus, Greece

Prof. Hiro Yoshida
Department of Radiology
Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA

Editorial Board

Jair M. Abe
University of São Paulo

Canicious Abeynayake
Defence Science and Technology Organisation

Fred Adam
University College Cork

Bala M. Balachandran
University of Canberra

Marius M. Balas
"Aurel Vlaicu" University of Arad

Monica Bianchini
University of Siena

Isabelle Bichindaritz
SUNY Oswego

Gloria Bordogna

Ana Rita Campos

Maria do Carmo Nicoletti
UFSCar (Federal University of São Carlos)

Barbara Catania
University of Genoa

Mihaela Costin
Institute of Computer Science Iasi Romanian Academy

Ireneusz Czarnowski
Gdynia Maritime University

Arthur Filippidis

Maria Ganzha
University of Gdańsk

Petia Georgieva
Informatics University of Aveiro

Anne Håkansson
KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Alex Hariz
University of South Australia

D. Jude Hemanth
Karunya University

D.E. Holmes

Arturas Kaklauskas
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University

Anastasia N. Kastania
Athens University of Economics and Business

Boris Kovalerchuk
Central Washington University

Rosa Meo
University of Turin

Lyudmila Mihaylova
University of Sheffield

Manuel Mora
Autonomous University of Aguascalientes

Stefania Montani
University of Eastern Piedmont

Kazumi Nakamatsu
University of Hyogo

Zorica Nedic
University of South Australia

Viorel Nicolau
Dunarea de Jos University of Galati

Vasile Palade
University of Oxford

Gabriella Pasi
University of Milan-Bicocca

Nilesh Patel
Oakland University

Camelia Pintea
Technical University of Cluj-Napoca

Jens Pohl
California Polytechnic State University

Nicolaie Popescu-Bodorin
Lumina University

Dan Power
University of Northern Iowa

Lucian Prodan
Polytechnic University of Timisoara

Gabriela Prostean
Polytechnic University of Timisoara

Roy Rada
University of Maryland Baltimore

Ana Respício
University of Lisbon

Christos Sioutis
Defence Science and Technology Organisation

Urszula Stańczyk
Silesian University of Technology

Jeff Tweedale
Defence Science and Technology Organisation

Snejana Yordanova
Technical University of Sofia

Pascale Zaraté
University of Tolouse

Author Guidelines


By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically to the journal's peer review management system:

Contact one of the Editors-in-Chief if you need help.

Prof. Dr. George A. Tsihrintzis

Prof. Dr. Gloria Phillips-Wren

Prof. L. C. Jain

Prof. Junzo Watada

Required files for final submissions
After the article has been accepted, the authors should submit the final version as source files, including a word processor file of the text, such as Word or LateX (If using LaTeX, please use the standard article.sty as a style file and also send a PDF version of the LaTeX file).

IOS Press has adopted Sage’s Authorship Policy.  Please go to:  Authorship guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details.

Color figures
It is possible to have figures printed in color, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author. See Preparation of Manuscripts for the required file formats.

Publication fee
Intelligent Decision Technologies (IDT) does not charge a publication fee.


Organization of the paper and style of presentation
Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to consult a professional English language editing service or a native English speaker prior to submission.

Manuscripts should be prepared with wide margins and double spacing throughout, including the abstract, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

  • Title page
  • Body of text (divided by subheadings)
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Tables
  • Figure captions
  • Figures
  • Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

    SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

    Title page
    The title page should provide the following information:

  • Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
  • Name(s) of author(s); please indicate who is the corresponding author
  • Full affiliation(s)
  • Present address of author(s), if different from affiliation
  • Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., fax no. and e-mail address
  • Abstract; should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services
  • Keywords
  • Tables
    Number as Table 1, Table 2 etc, and refer to all of them in the text.

    Each table should be provided on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should not be included in the text.

    Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.

    Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.

    Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

    Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.


    Authors are requested to use the Vancouver citation style. Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript. List the references in the order in which they appear in the text. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). If an article has a DOI, this should be provided after the page number details. The number is added after the letters 'doi'. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the Vancouver citation guidelines.

    References must be listed in Vancouver style:
    [1] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935(12): 406.
    [2] Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
    [3] Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
    [4] Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93113.
    [5] Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from:

    Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate the information in the text.

    • If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.


    Number figures as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc and refer to all of them in the text.

    Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. Figures should not be included in the text.

    Colour figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author.

    For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:

  • Line art should be have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS or TIFF
  • Grayscales (incl photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering); save as tiff
  • Do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
  • Do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing
  • Do not use colour in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is colour, you should change the settings)
  • For figures that should be printed in colour, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or TIFF
  • Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.

    On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of the type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.

    Each figure should have a self-explanatory caption. The captions to all figures should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.

    Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.


    Copyright of your article
    Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

    Article sharing
    IOS Press adopted Sage’s Article Sharing Policy from 8th of July 2024. 
    Please go to:  Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details. If your manuscript was submitted prior to 8th of July 2024, please contact with details of your enquiry.


    The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

    The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module shortly after the proof is created and author corrections are implemented. This is not the final version. As soon as the article is assigned to an issue, the final bibliographic information will be added and the pre-press file will be replaced by the updated, final version. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number.


    How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books
    The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof.

    If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email:

    An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.


    Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


    Would you like some pointers on how to help your research achieve a wider reach and greater impact? Please consult our Promotional Toolkit for Authors for tips.

    Please visit the IOS Press Authors page for further information.

    Abstracted/Indexed in

    ACM Digital Library
    Applied Science & Technology Source
    Cabell's Guide or Directory
    DBLP Bibliography Server
    EBSCO Databases
    EBSCO Engineering Collection
    Inspec IET
    Microsoft Academic Search
    SciVerse Scopus
    Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
    Web of Science: Emerging Sources Citation Index

    Open Access

    By default, articles published in Intelligent Decision Technologies are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

    Gold open access pricing
    Authors who choose gold open access publication will be subject to an article publication charge of € 1500 / US$ 1500 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or € 2150 / US$ 2150 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

    Green open access
    Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.

    Peer Review

    Intelligent Decision Technologies Peer Review Policy
    Intelligent Decision Technologies is a peer-reviewed journal. All articles submitted to the journal undergo a single blind peer review process. This means that the identity of the authors is known with the reviewers but the identity of the reviewers is not communicated to the authors. Please visit our reviewer guidelines for further information about how to conduct a review.

    After automatic plagiarism screening through iThenticate, all submitted manuscripts are subjected to initial appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief and, if found suitable for further consideration, to rigorous peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. Reasons to reject a paper in the pre-screening process could for example be because the work does not fall within the aims and scope, the writing is of poor quality, the instructions to authors were not followed or the presented work is not novel. Important: all articles not created following the journal Author Guidelines are desk rejected.

    Papers deemed suitable to be reviewed will be assigned a handling editor. The handling editor will then invite reviewers to comment on the work. Typically decisions are based on two reviews; in some circumstances additional reviews may be needed to make a decision on a paper. The Editors-in-Chief strive to ensure a typical turnaround time of 3 months.

    Reviewers are asked to judge a paper on at least:

  • Originality, novelty and significance of results
  • Technical quality of work
  • Comprehensibility and presentation of the paper
  • Overall impression
  • Based on the received reviews the handling editor will propose to the Editors-in-Chief a recommendation:

  • Accept
  • Minor revisions required
  • Major revisions required
  • Revise and resubmit
  • Reject
  • They mean the following:

  • Accept: The manuscript is suitable for publication and only requires minor polishing; thus, no further reviews are requested.
  • Minor revisions required: The authors are required to make moderate changes to their manuscript. The manuscript becomes acceptable for publication if the changes proposed by the reviewers and editors are successfully addressed. The revised manuscript will be examined by the Editors-in-Chief and possibly sent back to all (or a selection of) reviewers for a second round of reviews. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  • Major revisions required: The manuscript cannot be accepted for publication in its current form. However, a major revision which addresses all issues raised by the reviewers may be acceptable for publication. The revised manuscript will undergo a full second round of review. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  • Revise and resubmit: In its current form, the manuscript is not suitable for publication. A resubmission would require substantial revisions and is only encouraged in special cases.
  • Reject: The manuscript is rejected as it is deemed to be out of scope, not relevant, or not meeting the journal’s quality standards in terms of significance, novelty, and/or presentation.
  • Authors are notified by the Editors-in-Chief, whose decision is final.


    Newsletter: Be sure to sign up to the IDT newsletter to receive alerts of new issues and other journal news. Sign up via this link:

    Latest Newsletter: You can view the latest newsletter here

    Sustainable Development Goals

    The content of this journal relates to SDG:

    sdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbolsdg symbol

    Visit the SDG page for more information.

    Supporting Diversity and Inclusion

    This journal supports IOS Press' actions relating to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and commits to the Diversity and Inclusion Statement.

    dark blue banner for IDT author geo data for SDGs

    More information will be available in due course. Check the SDGs page for updates.