The Official Journal of the International Society of Biorheology

Impact Factor


60, 4 issues

Latest issue

59:3-4 online 22 March 2024

Next issue

60:1 scheduled for June 2024

Back volumes

From volume 35, 1998

ISSN print


ISSN online


Aims & Scope

Biorheology is an international interdisciplinary journal that publishes research on the deformation and flow properties of biological systems or materials. It is the aim of the editors and publishers of Biorheology to bring together contributions from those working in various fields of biorheological research from all over the world. A diverse editorial board with broad international representation provides guidance and expertise in wide-ranging applications of rheological methods to biological systems and materials. 

The aim of biorheological research is to determine and characterize the dynamics of physiological processes at all levels of organization. Manuscripts should report original theoretical and/or experimental research promoting the scientific and technological advances in a broad field that ranges from the rheology of macromolecules and macromolecular arrays to cell, tissue and organ rheology. In all these areas, the interrelationships of rheological properties of the systems or materials investigated and their structural and functional aspects are stressed. 

The scope of papers solicited by Biorheology extends to systems at different levels of organization that have never been studied before, or, if studied previously, have either never been analyzed in terms of their rheological properties or have not been studied from the point of view of the rheological matching between their structural and functional properties. This biorheological approach applies in particular to molecular studies where changes of physical properties and conformation are investigated without reference to how the process actually takes place, how the forces generated are matched to the properties of the structures and environment concerned, proper time scales, or what structures or strength of structures are required. 

Biorheology invites papers in which such 'molecular biorheological' aspects, whether in animal or plant systems, are examined and discussed. While we emphasize the biorheology of physiological function in organs and systems, the biorheology of disease is of equal interest. Biorheological analyses of pathological processes and their clinical implications are encouraged, including basic clinical research on hemodynamics and hemorheology. 

In keeping with the rapidly developing fields of mechanobiology and regenerative medicine, Biorheology aims to include studies of the rheological aspects of these fields by focusing on the dynamics of mechanical stress formation and the response of biological materials at the molecular and cellular level resulting from fluid-solid interactions. With increasing focus on new applications of nanotechnology to biological systems, rheological studies of the behavior of biological materials in therapeutic or diagnostic medical devices operating at the micro and nano scales are most welcome.

Editorial Board


Herbert H. Lipowsky
Penn State University
205 Hallowell Building
University Park
PA 16802


Brian M. Cooke
Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine
James Cook University
4870 Cairns, QLD

Founding Editors

Alfred Lewin Copley
George William Scott Blair

Honorary Editor-in-Chief

Harry Goldsmith
McGill University Medical Clinic
Montreal, Canada

Honorary Board Members

Hideyuki Niimi
National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute 
Suita, Japan

Pavel Riha
Czechoslovak Academy of Science
Prague, Czech Republic

Editorial Board

Giles R. Cokelet
Montana State University
Bozeman, MT, USA

Scott L. Diamond
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Dana Grecov
The University of British Columbia
Vancouver, Canada

Jacques M.R.J. Huyghe
Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Marina V. Kameneva
McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine
Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Takeshi Karino
Research Institute for Electronic Science
Sapporo, Japan

Michael R. King
Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering
Nashville, TN, USA

Mikko Lammi
University of Kuopio
Kuopio, Finland

Marc E. Levenston
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Stanford, CA, USA

Dieter Liepsch
Hochschule Munchen
München, Germany

Alice Maroudas
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Haifa, Israel

Herbert J. Meiselman
Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, CA, USA

Gerard Nash
The University of Birmingham
Birmingham, UK

Bjorn Neu
Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences
Kleve, Germany

Hideyuki Niimi
National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute
Osaka, Japan

Katsuyoshi Nishinari
Hubei University of Technology
Wuhan, China
Robert G. Owens
Département de mathématique
Montréal, Canada

Axel Pries
Charite - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, CCM
Berlin, Germany

Geert W. Schmid-Schönbein
Department of Bioengineering University of California
La Jolla, CA, USA

Tannin A. Schmidt
UConn School of Dental Medicine
Farmington, CT, USA

Timothy Secomb
University of Arizona
Tucson, AZ, USA

Michael Simmonds
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
Gold Coast, QL, Australia

Jean-Francois Stoltz
Faculty of Medicine
Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France

Christopher Viney
University of California
Merced, CA, USA

Saul Yedgar
Hebrew University - Haddassah Medical School
Jerusalem, Israel

Cheng Zhu
George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering
Atlanta, GA, USA

Feng-Yuan Zhuang
Beihang University
Beijing, China

Author Guidelines


1. Submission of manuscripts

By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Authors are requested to submit their manuscript electronically to the journal's online submission system.

Note that the journal does not accept submissions from authors using nondescript, anonymous email addresses (, etc.).

The manuscript should be uploaded as ONE file with tables and figures included. This file can be a Word document, a PDF, or a zip file.

Authors should submit names and addresses of up to three reviewers for their paper.
The Editor-in-Chief will review Letters to the Editor.

1.1.Required files
For initial submission a .pdf file of the article is sufficient. After an article has been accepted for publication an editable file of the text, such as MsWord or LateX, is required. If you are uploading a paper that has been accepted for publication or accepted pending minor revisions please upload the source files of the paper. If using LaTeX please use our LaTeX template and also send a pdf version of the LaTeX file as well as separate files of all figures (if any); see "Preparation of manuscripts" for the required file formats. LaTeX packages should be compiled into .zip or .rar files.

2. Communications

Three types of manuscripts will be considered for publication:

1)    Full length articles. These are reports of original research and have an abstract.
2)    Brief Communications. These are short, often preliminary, reports of new research. They should have an abstract and should not exceed 6 journal pages.
3)    Review articles. Up-to-date accounts on the state of subjects of interest to the journal.
4)    Letters to the Editor. These should be concerned with matters of opinion or critiques of interest to the scientific community in biorheology and related fields. They should not exceed 2 pages.

In addition to the above, reports and abstracts from scientific meetings, review articles, and book reviews are published upon invitation by, or request to, the Editor-in-Chief. (All scientific communications are to follow the same format and layout). Biorheology also publishes news items.

3. Language of publication

Biorheology is published in English. Authors whose mother tongue is not English are urged to make sure that the text as submitted communicates their intent accurately. Authors who are unsure of acceptable English usage should have their manuscript checked by someone proficient in the English language. Manuscripts lacking clarity will be returned to the author for rewriting before being sent for review.
International Science Editing offers a language and copy-editing service to all scientists who want to publish their manuscript in scientific peer-reviewed periodicals and books. 

4. Preparation of manuscripts

Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced throughout on one side of the paper only, in 12 point Times New Roman font, and must be numbered beginning with the title page. For the electronic file of the text a standard word processor file such as Word or LaTex should be used (if using LaTex, please use the standard Article.sty as style), and when submitting on line, send a pdf file as well. Major headings (Introduction, Experimental, Methods, Results etc.) are numbered 1, 2, 3… and in boldface (but not capitalized), aligned with the left hand margin.  Secondary headings should be in italics aligned with the left hand margin, numbered, e.g. 2.1., 2.2., 2.3. etc.  The text then resumes on the next line, and, as is the case for every new paragraph, is indented by 0.19 inches (= 4.9 mm).  Similarly for tertiary headings numbered, e.g. 2.1.1., 2.1.2. etc.

4.1. Title page
The title page should contain the title of the paper, authors, laboratory or institution of origin with city and country, but no postal codes etc.  The corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk referring to a footnote which should give a complete mailing address, a fax number and an e-mail address. The title page must also have a short running head, which does not exceed fifty characters, and 4-6 key words, not including words in the title of the paper.

4.2 Authorship
IOS Press has adopted Sage’s Authorship Policy.  Please go to:  Authorship guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details.

4.3. Abstract page
Each paper submitted must be accompanied by an abstract which does not exceed 200 words.  It should state concisely the reason for the study, what was done, what was found, what was concluded, and the relevance of the work.
The abstract for research papers should follow the “structured abstract” format. Section labels should be in bold uppercase letters followed by a colon, and each section will begin on a new line.

4.4. References
Authors are requested to use the Vancouver citation style. Place citations as numbers in square brackets in the text. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript. List the references in the order in which they appear in the text. Only articles published or accepted for publication should be listed in the reference list. Submitted articles can be listed as (author(s), unpublished data). If an article has a DOI, this should be provided after the page number details. Manuscripts will not be considered if they do not conform to the Vancouver citation guidelines.

References must be listed in Vancouver style:

[1] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
[2] Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
[3] Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 16th ed. Rahway (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
[4] Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGrawHill; 2002. p. 93-113.
[5] Canadian Cancer Society [homepage on the Internet]. Toronto: The Society; 2006 [updated 2006 May 12; cited 2006 Oct 17]. Available from:
[6] Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press 2002.
[7] Fletcher D, Wagstaff CRD. Organisational psychology in elite sport: its emergence, application and future. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2009;10(4):427-34. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.03.009.

4.5. Tables
Tables are numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Tables should be typed as text (do not use graphics programs), double-spaced on separate pages and placed at the end of the manuscript. Each table should have a brief title and sufficient information in its legend so that it is understandable without reference to the text. Each column should have a short or abbreviated heading. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical rules. Explanatory matter should be in footnotes in which nonstandard abbreviations, statistical measures of variations (standard deviation and standard error of the mean) should be identified.

4.6. Figures
Each figure should be provided on a separate page; figures should not be included in the text. Original drawings (no photocopies) are required. 

Electronic versions of the figures should be supplied in either Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), TIFF or PDF format. For vector graphics, EPS is the preferred format and files should always include the fonts that were used. For bitmapped graphics, TIFF is the preferred format. Other formats e.g. JPEG, PiCT or WMF, cannot be used.  Line weights should not be less than 0.35 point. PDF files should be not less than 300 dpi (halftones) and 600 dpi (lineart or combined) resolution, and files should include fonts that were used. Artwork prepared using a microsoft office application should have minimum of 300 dpi (halftones), 600 dpi (lineart), 500 dpi (combined) resolution. One should avoid enlarging or reducing images after placing them in a Microsoft Office application. Letters, numbers and symbols must be clear and large enough so that, when reduced for publication, they will remain legible. If the legend refers to panels “a”, “b”, etc., the figure must be labeled accordingly. 

Figures should be saved in separate files without their legends (captions).  Legends should be included in the text of the article on a separate page(s) for each figure and should be sufficient to make the figure understood without reference to the text. Figures should be kept to a minimum, and the author(s) may be instructed to reduce the number submitted if the Editor conducting the review judges this desirable.

Color figures: Color figures can be included, provided the cost of their reproduction in the print version is paid for by the author.

5. Open Access option

The IOS Press Open Library offers authors an Open Access (OA) option. By selecting the OA option, the article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. In the Open Library the article processing charges are paid in the form of an Open Access Fee. Authors will receive an Open Access Order Form upon acceptance of their article. Open Access is entirely optional.
See also our website for more information about this option IOS Press Open Library

6. Publication fee
Biorheology does not charge a publication fee.

7. Proofs and Pre-press

The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module and indexed by PubMed as [Epub ahead of print] shortly after the proof is created and author corrections are implemented. This is not the final version. As soon as the article is assigned to an issue, the final bibliographic information will be added and the pre-press file will be replaced by the updated, final version. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number.

8. How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books

The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF Author’s Copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues.
An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or journal hard copies will be provided along with the PDF proof. 

If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email:

An author is entitled to 25% discount on IOS Press books. See Author's Discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications. 

9. Copyright

Copyright of your article
Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

Article sharing
IOS Press adopted Sage’s Article Sharing Policy from 8th of July 2024. 
Please go to:  Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines | SAGE Publications Ltd for details. If your manuscript was submitted prior to 8th of July 2024, please contact with details of your enquiry.

10. Ethics Policy

IOS Press has adopted Sage’s Publication ethics policies.  Please go to:  
Publication ethics and research integrity: policy guidelines for authors | SAGE Publications Ltd for details.


Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


Would you like some pointers on how to help your research achieve a wider reach and greater impact? Please consult our Promotional Toolkit for Authors for tips.

Please visit the IOS Press Authors page for further information.

Abstracted/Indexed in

Applied Mechanics Reviews
Biochemistry & Biophysics Citation Index
Cabell's Guide or Directory
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS)
CSA Illumina
EBSCO Databases
Global Health
Google Scholar
Inspec IET
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
Web of Science: Biological Abstracts
Web of Science: BIOSIS Previews
Web of Science: Current Contents®/Life Sciences
Web of Science: Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
Web of Science: Science Citation Index-Expanded (SciSearch®)
Web of Science: Science Citation Index®

Open Access

By default, articles published in Biorheology are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

Gold open access pricing
Authors who choose gold open access publication will be subject to an article publication charge of € 1500 / US$ 1500 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or € 2150 / US$ 2150 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

Green open access
Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.

PubMedCentral deposits
This journal deposits all open access articles in PubMedCentral (PMC) as part of the IOS Press Open Library. If an author chooses to publish their paper with open access then the publisher will deposit the article in PMC upon publication.


Biorheology is a peer-reviewed journal. All articles submitted to the journal undergo a single blind peer review process. This means that the identity of the authors is known with the reviewers but the identity of the reviewers is not communicated to the authors. Please visit our reviewer guidelines for further information about how to conduct a review.

After automatic plagiarism screening through iThenticate, all submitted manuscripts are subjected to initial appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief and, if found suitable for further consideration, to rigorous peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. Reasons to reject a paper in the pre-screening process could for example be because the work does not fall within the aims and scope, the writing is of poor quality, the instructions to authors were not followed or the presented work is not novel. Important: all articles not created using the journal style templates for LaTeX or MS Word (see author instructions) are desk rejected.

Papers deemed suitable to be reviewed will be assigned a handling editor. The handling editor will then invite reviewers to comment on the work. Typically decisions are based on three reviews, in some circumstances a minimum of two reviews may be deemed sufficient to make a decision on a paper. The Editors-in-Chief strives to ensure a typical turnaround time of 3 months.

Reviewers are asked to judge a paper on at least:

  • Originality, novelty and significance of results
  • Technical quality of work
  • Comprehensibility and presentation of the paper
  • Overall impression

Based on the received reviews the handling editor will propose to the Editors-in-Chief a recommendation:

  1. Accept
  2. Minor revisions required
  3. Major revisions required
  4. Revise and resubmit
  5. Reject

They mean the following:

  1. Accept: The manuscript is suitable for publication and only requires minor polishing; thus, no further reviews are requested.
  2. Minor revisions required: The authors are required to make moderate changes to their manuscript. The manuscript becomes acceptable for publication if the changes proposed by the reviewers and editors are successfully addressed. The revised manuscript will be examined by the Editors-in-Chief and possibly sent back to all (or a selection of) reviewers for a second round of reviews. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  3. Major revisions required: The manuscript cannot be accepted for publication in its current form. However, a major revision which addresses all issues raised by the reviewers may be acceptable for publication. The revised manuscript will undergo a full second round of review. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  4. Revise and resubmit: In its current form, the manuscript is not suitable for publication. A resubmission would require substantial revisions and is only encouraged in special cases.
  5. Reject: The manuscript is rejected as it is deemed to be out of scope, not relevant, or not meeting the journal’s quality standards in terms of significance, novelty, and/or presentation.

Authors are notified by the Editors-in-Chief, whose decision is final.

In 2013, we celebrated 50 years of Biorheology!

In celebration of its 50th anniversary, you can read the Editorial on how it all began here and enjoy the article A viscoelastic model of shear-induced hemolysis in laminar flow free of charge.

Sustainable Development Goals

The content of this journal relates to SDG:

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Visit the SDG page for more information.

Supporting Diversity and Inclusion

This journal supports IOS Press' actions relating to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and commits to the Diversity and Inclusion Statement.

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More information will be available in due course. Check the SDGs page for updates.  

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