AI Communications

The European Journal on Artificial Intelligence

Impact Factor


37, 4 issues

Latest issue

37:2 online 19 April 2024

Next issue

37:3 scheduled for July 2024

Back volumes

From volume 1, 1987

ISSN print


ISSN online


Aims & Scope

AI Communications is the European Journal on Artificial Intelligence. The journal has a close relationship with the European Association for Artificial Intelligence (EurAI) and aims to showcase high quality research and developments from across the field of Artificial Intelligence. The topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

- Constraints
- Computer Vision
- Ethical issues of AI
- Explainability in AI
- Knowledge Representation and Reasoning 
- Machine Learning
- Multi-Agent Systems
- Natural Language Processing
- Planning and Scheduling
- Robotics
- Uncertainty Modelling

We welcome both theoretical and empirical contributions. However, submissions which are focussing on the application of standard AI methods to a given problem are unlikely to be accepted. The journal primarily publishes technical research papers, but it occasionally also publishes surveys and tutorial papers. Please consult the submission guidelines for more details.

AI Communications regularly publishes special issues devoted to specific topics within AI. Please contact the Editors-in-Chief if you are interested in organizing such a special issue.

Editorial Board


Steven Schockaert
School of Computer Science and Informatics
Cardiff University
United Kingdom

Rafael Peñaloza
Department of Informatics Systems and Communication,
University of Milano-Bicocca


Associate Editors

Fabrizio Angiulli
Data Mining, Databases and Knowledge Discovery
DIMES, University of Calabria

Roman Bartak
Planning, Scheduling and Constraints
Charles University in Prague
Czech Republic

Marcella Cornia
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Modena, Italy

Jesse Davis
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Thomas Demeester
Ghent University

Francisco Fernandez de Vega
Evolutionary Algorithms
University of Extremadura

Gerhard Friedrich
University of Klagenfurt

Salvador García
Machine Learning and Big Data
University of Granada

Stefano Ghidoni
University of Padova

Ondrej Kuzelka
Czech Technical University, Prague
Czech Republic

Carlos Linares
University Carlos III, Madrid

Marco Maratea
Answer Set Programming
University of Calabria

Pierre Marquis
Knowledge Representation
Artois University

Fabio Mercorio
Big Data and NoSQL Databases
University of Milan-Bicocca

Preslav Nakov
Natural Language Processing
Qatar Computing Research Institute

Daniele Nardi
Sapienza University of Rome

Andrea Orlandini
Planning and Robotics
Institute of Cognitive Science and Technology
National Research Council
Rome, Italy

Ivan Serina
Planning and Machine Learning
University of Brescia

Carles Sierra
Artificial Intelligence Research Institute-Spanish Research Council (IIIA-CSIC), Spain

Markus Stumptner
Model Based Reasoning
University of South Australia

Leonardo Trujillo
Evolutionary Algorithms
Technological Institute of Tijuana

Weixiong Zhang
Washington University, St. Louis, MO

Editorial Board

José Júlio Alves Alferes
New University of Lisbon

Elisabeth André
University of Augsburg

Brandon Bennett
University of Leeds

Zied Bouraoui
Université d’Artois

Luca Console
University of Turin

Adnan Darwiche
University of California, Los Angeles

Marco Dorigo
Free University of Brussels

Boi Faltings
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne

Peter A. Flach
University of Bristol

Ulrich Furbach
University of Koblenz

Matjaž Gams
Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana

Enrico Giunchiglia
University of Genoa

Peter Gregory
Teesside University
United Kingdom

Karthick Prasad Gunasekaran
Amazon Web Services
Seattle, WA, United States

Shoaib Jameel
University of Southampton
United Kingdom

Hermann Kaindl
Vienna University of Technology

Antonis Kakas
University of Cyprus, Nicosia

Erez Karpas
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology

Yukun Lai
School of Computer Science and Informatics
Cardiff University
Cardiff, United Kingdom

Nada Lavrač
Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana

Els Lefever
Ghent University

Lorenzo Malandri
Department of Statistics and Quantitative Methods
University of Milano-Bicocca
Milan, Italy

Gunasekaran Manogaran
University of California, Davis

Silvia Miksch
Vienna University of Technology

Bernhard Nebel
Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg

Eva Onaindia
Polytechnical University of Valencia

Nardine Osman
Artificial Intelligence Research Institute (IIIA-CSIC)
Bellaterra, Spain

Marie-Christine Rousset
University of Grenoble

Stuart Russell
University of California, Berkeley

Csaba Szepesvári
University of Alberta

Alvaro Torralba
Department of Computer Science
Aalborg University
Aalborg, Denmark

Carme Torras
Polytechnic University of Catalonia (CSIC-UPC), Barcelona

Stefano Tortora
Department of Information Engineering
University of Padova
Padova, Italy

Harald Trost
Medical University of Vienna

Gyorgy Turan
University of Illinois at Chicago

Toby Walsh
University of New South Wales

Jiří Wiedermann
Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic

Author Guidelines

Submission of manuscripts

By submitting my article to this journal, I agree to the Author Copyright Agreement, the IOS Press Ethics Policy, and the IOS Press Privacy Policy.

Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

Submission Guidelines 

AI Communications publishes three kinds of papers:

  • Technical Research papers
  • Survey papers
  • Tutorial papers

All submissions should be written in English, and formatted using the IOS Press style (see below).

Barring exceptional circumstances, which should be discussed with the Editors-in-Chief in advance, submissions should not exceed 30 pages.

Survey and Tutorial papers are normally only accepted under invitation.

The journal offers a fast-track review process for improved versions of high-quality papers that were previously rejected at a top-tier AI conference. Authors submitting such papers should include a cover letter containing the following information: the name of the conference where the paper was initially submitted, the reviews of the original conference paper, and a rebuttal explaining point-by-point how the comments from the reviewers have been addressed.  

All submissions must be made through Editorial Manager at

AI Communications aims to publish important research results in all areas of AI. Before submitting, take the following points into account:

  • Submissions should be original and provide a significant contribution to the field.
  • Submitted work cannot be previously published, pending publication or under review for any other journal or conference.
  • All claims must be supported by theoretical or empirical results.
  • Sufficient experimental details should be given so that any experimental result is reproducible.
  • Papers should demonstrate that the research advances the current state of knowledge, and why this is important.
  • Authors must acknowledge all existing work.
  • Authors should be concise.

Publication costs

There are no costs associated to publishing an article in AI Communications, it is free of any charge.

Instructions for Authors

Organisation of the paper and style of presentations

  1. Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to consult a professional English language editing service or a native English speaker prior to submission.
  2. Please submit your manuscript electronically, as a PDF. Instructions concerning submission of files are given in a separate section.
  3. For new submissions you can submit a PDF file only. For revisions or final files please submit the complete LaTeX package (including bibliography, a pdf output). Please use the LaTeX template for formatting your paper.
  4. Manuscripts should be organised in the following order:
    • title page;
    • introduction;
    • body of text (divided into section and/or subsections), including tables and figures;
    • conclusion (if any);
    • acknowledgements;
    • references;

    Any information concerning research grants, etc., should be included in the acknowledgement section preceding the references.

  5. Headings and subheadings should be typed on a separate line, without indentation; do not type the whole heading in capitals.
  6. SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.
  7. Any special instruction to the desk editor or typesetter written on the copy should be encircled. The typesetter will then know that the instruction is not to be set in type. When a typewritten character might have more than one meaning (e.g., the lowercase letter `l' may be confused with the numeral 1), a note should be inserted in a circle in the margin to make the meaning clear to the typesetter. If Greek letters or uncommon symbols are used in the manuscript, they should be written very clearly, and if necessary a note such as `Greek lowercase chi' should be put in the margin and encircled.
  8. IOS Press reserves the right to return accepted manuscripts and illustrations to the author for revision if they are not in the proper form given in this guide.

Title Page

  1. The title page should provide the following information:
    • title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long);
    • name(s) of author(s);
    • full affiliation(s);
    • present address of author(s), if different from affiliation;
    • complete address to which correspondence should be sent;
    • abstract
  2. The abstract should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 150 words. It should also be suitable for publication elsewhere.

Author contributions

Any author included in the author list should have contributed significantly to the paper, and no person who has made a significant contribution should be omitted from the list of authors. Please read the IOS Press authorship policy for further information.


  1. Authors should take notice of the limitations set by the size and layout of the journal. Large tables should be avoided. It may be better to divide large tables into smaller ones.
  2. Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
  3. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
  4. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.
  5. Any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be given in footnotes at the bottom of the table.


  1. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of the authors' names is exactly the same in the text as in the reference list, and that the reference list is complete.
  2. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors' names, and chronologically per author and then numbered. If an author's name is mentioned separately as well as with one or more co-authors, the following order should be used:

    publications of the single author, arranged in chronological order;
    publications of the author with one co-author;
    publications of the author with more than one co-author.

  3. Use the following system for arranging your references:
    1. For periodicals: [initials, name], [title paper], [title periodical (italics)] [volume (bold)]([number, if any]) ([year]), [first page]-[last page].
    2. For books: [initials, name], [title book (italics)], [publisher], [place of publication], [year].
    3. For papers in proceedings: [initials, name], [title paper], in: [title book (italics)], [volume, if any], [initials + names of editors], eds, [publisher], [place of publication], [year], pp. [first page]-[last page].
    4. For unpublished reports, departmental notes, etc.: [initial, name, if any], [title paper]. Unpublished [description], [name of institute, department, etc.].


[1] M. Adnan, F.C. Pereira, C.M.L. Azevedo, K. Basak, M. Lovric, S. Raveau, Y. Zhu, J. Ferreira, C. Zegras and M. Ben-Akiva, Simmobility:
A multi-scale integrated agent-based simulation platform, in: 95th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board Forthcoming in
Transportation Research Record, 2016.
N. Malleson et al. / ABM & Urban Analytics 403

[2] L. An, V. Grimm, A. Sullivan, B.L. Turner II., N. Malleson, A. Heppenstall, C. Vincenot, D. Robinson, X. Ye, J. Liu, E. Lindkvist and W.
Tang, Challenges, tasks, and opportunities in modeling agent-based complex systems, Ecological Modelling 457 (2021), 109685. doi:10.

[3] L. Archer, N. Malleson and J. Ward, Probabilistic Programming for Dynamic Data Assimilation on an Agent-Based Model, 2019.

[4] D. Ballas and G. Clarke, GIS and microsimulation for local labour market analysis, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 24(4)
(2000), 305–330. doi:10.1016/S0198-9715(99)00051-4.

[5] M. Batty, Cities and Complexity: Understanding Cities with Cellular Automata, Agent-Based Models, and Fractals, The MIT Press, 2007.
ISBN 0-262-52479-1 978-0-262-52479-7.

  1. Do not abbreviate the titles of periodicals, or use only standard abbreviations, in the list of references.
  2. In the case of publications in any language other than English, the original title is to be retained. However, the titles of publications in non-Latin alphabets should be transliterated, and a notation such as `(in Russian)' or `(in Greek, with English abstract)' should be added.
  3. Citation in the text is indicated by numbers in square brackets. Multiple citations are set without spaces: [25-27,31]. More detailed citations are set as in following examples: see [12, p. 760] and also [5, Chapter V, p. 233].
  4. Sometimes author's name(s) can be given along with the reference by number. Then, if reference is made to a publication written by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used followed by `et al.'. However, you should never use `et al.' instead of author's names in the list of references.


  1. Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it will be possible to incorporate the information in the text.
  2. If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.

Electronic submission guide

(a) Submission of new manuscripts

Please upload your submission through the submission system.

(b) Accepted papers

All accepted papers will be processed electronically.

  1. All the source files needed to reproduce your paper should be submitted to the editorial manager with a letter that specifies that this is the final version of an accepted paper. You should specify the mstracker id of that paper.
  2. Manuscripts should be formatted in LaTeX using the style file aicom.sty available here.
  3. Make sure your files are self-contained, i.e., there are no pointers to your system set-up.
  4. Check that your files are complete. Include: abstract, text, references (bibliography), footnotes, tables, figure/table captions, subject and keywords.
  5. Please include your postal address and fax number, where proofs of the manuscript can be sent.
  6. The corresponding authors will receive a pdf proof within a few weeks. With the proofs, IOS sends an order form for authors to order reprints, a pdf or extra copies of the printed journal.


Copyright of your article
Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement. We do not require that authors sign a copyright transfer form because the copyright of the manuscript will stay with the author. This will allow them for instance to freely post their manuscript (the version un-edited by IOS Press) on their personal or institutional website, or in a repository. If they would like to post the published version (the version edited by IOS Press, with right page numbering etc.) they can purchase the right to do so (and receive a copy of the PDF). This latter option is communicated to the corresponding author of a paper when they are sent the galley proofs of the paper.

Article sharing
Authors of journal articles are permitted to self-archive and share their work through institutional repositories, personal websites, and preprint servers. Authors have the right to use excerpts of their article in other works written by the authors themselves, provided that the original work is properly cited. The consent for sharing an article, in whole or in part, depends on the version of the article that is shared, where it is shared, and the copyright license under which the article is published. Please refer to the IOS Press Article Sharing Policy for further information. 

Quoting from other publications
An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing an illustration or table from a book or journal article, should make sure not to infringe a copyright. Although in general an author may quote from other published works, permission should be obtained from the holder of the copyright if substantial extracts, tables or other illustrations are to be reproduced. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.


How to order reprints, a PDF file, journals, or IOS Press books
The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof. If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation. IOS Press, Fax: +31 20 687 0019. Email:

Required files
For initial submission a .pdf file of the article is sufficient. After an article has been accepted for publication an editable file in LaTeX is required. If you are uploading a paper that has been accepted for publication or accepted pending minor revisions please upload the source files of the paper. Please use our LaTeX template and also send a pdf version of the LaTeX file as well as separate files of all figures (if any). LaTeX packages should be compiled into .zip or .rar files.


The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module. This is not the final version. When the article is published in an issue, the final published version replaces the pre-press file. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number.


Authors of published articles (non-prepress, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


Would you like some pointers on how to help your research achieve a wider reach and greater impact? Please consult our Promotional Toolkit for Authors for tips.

Please visit the IOS Press Authors page for further information.

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Peer Review

AI Communications Peer Review Policy

AI Communications is a peer-reviewed journal. All articles submitted to the journal undergo a single blind peer review process. This means that the identity of the authors is known with the reviewers but the identity of the reviewers is not communicated to the authors. Please visit our reviewer guidelines for further information about how to conduct a review.

All submitted manuscripts are subject to initial appraisal by the Editors-in-Chief, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to rigorous peer-review by independent, anonymous expert referees. Reasons to reject a paper in the pre-screening process could for example be because the work does not fall within the aims and scope, the writing is of poor quality, the instructions to authors were not followed or the presented work is not novel. Important: all articles not created using the journal style templates for LaTeX or MS Word (see author instructions) are desk rejected.

Papers deemed suitable to be reviewed will be assigned a handling editor. The handling editor will then invite reviewers to comment on the work. Typically decisions are based on three reviews, in some circumstances a minimum of two reviews may be deemed sufficient to make a decision on a paper. The Editors-in-Chief strive to ensure a typical turnaround time of 3 months.

Reviewers are asked to judge a paper on at least:

  • Originality, novelty and significance of results
  • Technical quality of work
  • Comprehensibility and presentation of the paper
  • Overall impression

Based on the received reviews the handling editor will propose to the Editors-in-Chief a recommendation:

  1. Accept
  2. Minor revisions required
  3. Major revisions required
  4. Revise and resubmit
  5. Reject

They mean the following:

  1. Accept: The manuscript is suitable for publication and only requires minor polishing; thus, no further reviews are requested.
  2. Minor revisions required: The authors are required to make moderate changes to their manuscript. The manuscript becomes acceptable for publication if the changes proposed by the reviewers and editors are successfully addressed. The revised manuscript will be examined by the Editors-in-Chief and possibly sent back to all (or a selection of) reviewers for a second round of reviews. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  3. Major revisions required: The manuscript cannot be accepted for publication in its current form. However, a major revision which addresses all issues raised by the reviewers may be acceptable for publication. The revised manuscript will undergo a full second round of review. Authors are requested to provide a letter to the reviewers detailing the improvements made for the resubmission.
  4. Revise and resubmit: In its current form, the manuscript is not suitable for publication. A resubmission would require substantial revisions and is only encouraged in special cases.
  5. Reject: The manuscript is rejected as it is deemed to be out of scope, not relevant, or not meeting the journal’s quality standards in terms of significance, novelty, and/or presentation.

Authors are notified by the Editors-in-Chief, whose decision is final.

Open Access

Open access
By default, articles published in AI Communications are available only to institutions and individuals with access rights. However, the journal offers all authors the option to purchase open access publication for their article as part of the IOS Press Open Library. This means that the final published version will be freely available to anyone worldwide, indefinitely, under a Creative Commons license and without the need to purchase access to the article. This is also referred to as “gold” open access.

Gold open access pricing
Authors who choose gold open access publication will be subject to an article publication charge of € 1500 / US$ 1500 for publication under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license or € 2150 / US$ 2150 for publication under the CC BY 4.0 license. Pricing is exclusive of possible taxes. After an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be informed regarding the open access option during the production stages, and will have the opportunity to purchase open access for their article. It could be that the open access fee of an article is waived completely due an institutional agreement IOS Press has with the corresponding authors' institution. Please check the institutional agreements page for details.

Green open access
Authors who do not make use of the gold open access option may still make their article freely available using self-archiving, also referred to as green open access. Authors may make their final accepted manuscript available for free download from their personal or institutional website or institutional archive. This model is free for the author.


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You may also be interested in the Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications book series newsletter: View here.

Latest Articles

Discover the contents of the latest journal issue:

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A machine learning pipeline for extracting decision-support features from traffic scenes1
Lincoln V. Schreiber, Vitor A. Fraga, Marco Antonio C. da Silva, Rafael Kunst, Jorge L.V. Barbosa, Gabriel de O. Ramos

Multi-agent reinforcement learning for safe lane changes by connected and autonomous vehicles: A survey
Mélanie Bouroche, Bharathkumar Hegde

How to achieve fair and efficient cooperative vehicle routing?
Marin Lujak, Aitor López Sánchez, Frederic Semet, Holger Billhardt

Transferring experiences in k-nearest neighbors based multiagent reinforcement learning: an application to traffic signal control
Vicente N. de Almeida, Ana Lucia C. Bazzan, Monireh Abdoos

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This journal supports IOS Press' actions relating to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and commits to the Diversity and Inclusion Statement.

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More information will be available in due course. Check the SDGs page for updates.