Morphodynamics of Texel Inlet


Elias, E.P.L.

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Delft University Press


Texel inlet, the largest inlet in the Dutch Wadden Sea, has undergone drastic changes
in the morphology of its back-barrier basin, ebb-tidal delta and adjacent coastlines
after the closure of the Zuiderzee (1926-1932). As a result large sand losses were
observed along the adjacent coastlines and still until today the maintenance of this
part of the coast is the most intensive of the entire Dutch coast. The processes
controlling the sediment exchange between the North-Holland and Texel coasts, the
ebb-tidal delta, tidal inlet and back-barrier basin are insufficiently understood despite
intensive monitoring and analysis. The research reported in this thesis aims to acquire
more understanding of this sediment exchange and of the morphodynamics of Texel
Inlet in general.
The morphodynamics of Texel Inlet are studied over a wide range of temporal and
spatial scales ranging from long-term descriptions of historic inlet evolution, from
1550 A.D. to present, to detailed analyses of hydrodynamics and morphodynamics on
a tidal and seasonal process-scale. Although, the focus is on Texel Inlet, where
possible, findings are generalized to contribute to the understanding of generic tidal
inlet dynamics.